Massive coral bleachingepisodes induced by thermal stress areone of the first causes of coral death worldwide. Overproduction ofreactive oxygen species (ROS) has been identified as one of the potentialcauses of symbiosis breakdown between polyps and algae in corals duringextreme heat wave events. Here, we propose a new strategy for mitigatingheat effects by delivering underwater an antioxidant to the corals.We fabricated zein/polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-based biocomposite filmsladen with the strong and natural antioxidant curcumin as an advancedcoral bleaching remediation tool. Biocomposites' mechanical,water contact angle (WCA), swelling, and release properties can betuned thanks to different supramolecular rearrangements that occurby varying the zein/PVP weight ratio. Following immersion in seawater,the biocomposites became soft hydrogels that did not affect the coral'shealth in the short (24 h) and long periods (15 days). Laboratorybleaching experiments at 29 and 33 & DEG;C showed that coral coloniesof Stylophora pistillata coated withthe biocomposites had ameliorated conditions in terms of morphologicalaspects, chlorophyll content, and enzymatic activity compared to untreatedcolonies and did not bleach. Finally, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)confirmed the full biodegradability of the biocomposites, showinga low potential environmental impact in the case of open-field application.These insights may pave the way for new frontiers in mitigating extremecoral bleaching events by combining natural antioxidants and biocomposites.

Contardi, M., Fadda, M., Isa, V., Louis, Y., Madaschi, A., Vencato, S., et al. (2023). Biodegradable Zein-Based Biocomposite Films for Underwater Delivery of Curcumin Reduce Thermal Stress Effects in Corals. ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 15(28), 33916-33931 [10.1021/acsami.3c01166].

Biodegradable Zein-Based Biocomposite Films for Underwater Delivery of Curcumin Reduce Thermal Stress Effects in Corals

Contardi, Marco
Primo
;
Isa, Valerio;Louis, Yohan D;Madaschi, Andrea;Vencato, Sara;Montalbetti, Enrico;Seveso, Davide;Galli, Paolo;Montano, Simone
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Massive coral bleachingepisodes induced by thermal stress areone of the first causes of coral death worldwide. Overproduction ofreactive oxygen species (ROS) has been identified as one of the potentialcauses of symbiosis breakdown between polyps and algae in corals duringextreme heat wave events. Here, we propose a new strategy for mitigatingheat effects by delivering underwater an antioxidant to the corals.We fabricated zein/polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-based biocomposite filmsladen with the strong and natural antioxidant curcumin as an advancedcoral bleaching remediation tool. Biocomposites' mechanical,water contact angle (WCA), swelling, and release properties can betuned thanks to different supramolecular rearrangements that occurby varying the zein/PVP weight ratio. Following immersion in seawater,the biocomposites became soft hydrogels that did not affect the coral'shealth in the short (24 h) and long periods (15 days). Laboratorybleaching experiments at 29 and 33 & DEG;C showed that coral coloniesof Stylophora pistillata coated withthe biocomposites had ameliorated conditions in terms of morphologicalaspects, chlorophyll content, and enzymatic activity compared to untreatedcolonies and did not bleach. Finally, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)confirmed the full biodegradability of the biocomposites, showinga low potential environmental impact in the case of open-field application.These insights may pave the way for new frontiers in mitigating extremecoral bleaching events by combining natural antioxidants and biocomposites.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
antioxidants; biocomposites; coral bleaching; coral reefs; underwater delivery;
English
28-giu-2023
2023
15
28
33916
33931
open
Contardi, M., Fadda, M., Isa, V., Louis, Y., Madaschi, A., Vencato, S., et al. (2023). Biodegradable Zein-Based Biocomposite Films for Underwater Delivery of Curcumin Reduce Thermal Stress Effects in Corals. ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 15(28), 33916-33931 [10.1021/acsami.3c01166].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/431338
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