Background and aims: Chronic coffee consuption has been reported to be associated with a modest but significant increase in blood pressure (BP), although some recent studies have shown the opposite. These data, however, largely refer to clinic BP and virtually no study evaluated cross-sectionally the association between chronic coffee consuption, out-of-office BP and BP variability. Methods and results: In 2045 subjects belonging to the population of the Pressioni Arteriose Monitorate E Loro Associazioni (PAMELA) study, we analyzed cross-sectionally the association between clinic, 24-hour, home BP and BP variability and level of chronic coffee consumption. Results show that when adjusted for confounders (age, gender, body mass index, cigarette smoking, physical activity and alcohol drinking) chronic coffee consumption does not appear to have any major lowering effect on BP values, particulary when they are assessed via 24-hour ambulatory (0 Cup/day: 118.5 ± 0.7/72.8 ± 0.4 mmHg vs 3 cups/day: 120.2 ± 0.4/74.8 ± 0.3 mmHg, PNS) or home BP monitoring (0 cup/day: 124.1 ± 1.2/75.4 ± 0.7 mmHg vs 3 cups/day: 123.3 ± 0.6/76.4 ± 0.36 mmHg, PNS). However, daytime BP was significantly higher in coffee consumers (about 2 mmHg), suggesting some pressor effects of coffee which vanish during nighttime. Both BP and HR 24-hour HR variability were unaffected. Conclusion: Thus chronic coffee consumption does not appear to have any major lowering effect either on absolute BP values, particulary when they are assessed via 24-hour ambulatory or home BP monitoring, or on 24-hour BP variability.

Quarti-Trevano, F., Dell'Oro, R., Vanoli, J., Bombelli, M., Facchetti, R., Mancia, G., et al. (2023). Coffee consumption, clinic, 24-hour and home blood pressure. Findings from the PAMELA study. NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, 33(8 (August 2023)), 1539-1545 [10.1016/j.numecd.2023.05.017].

Coffee consumption, clinic, 24-hour and home blood pressure. Findings from the PAMELA study

Quarti-Trevano, Fosca;Dell'Oro, Raffaella;Vanoli, Jennifer;Bombelli, Michele;Facchetti, Rita;Mancia, Giuseppe;Grassi, Guido
2023

Abstract

Background and aims: Chronic coffee consuption has been reported to be associated with a modest but significant increase in blood pressure (BP), although some recent studies have shown the opposite. These data, however, largely refer to clinic BP and virtually no study evaluated cross-sectionally the association between chronic coffee consuption, out-of-office BP and BP variability. Methods and results: In 2045 subjects belonging to the population of the Pressioni Arteriose Monitorate E Loro Associazioni (PAMELA) study, we analyzed cross-sectionally the association between clinic, 24-hour, home BP and BP variability and level of chronic coffee consumption. Results show that when adjusted for confounders (age, gender, body mass index, cigarette smoking, physical activity and alcohol drinking) chronic coffee consumption does not appear to have any major lowering effect on BP values, particulary when they are assessed via 24-hour ambulatory (0 Cup/day: 118.5 ± 0.7/72.8 ± 0.4 mmHg vs 3 cups/day: 120.2 ± 0.4/74.8 ± 0.3 mmHg, PNS) or home BP monitoring (0 cup/day: 124.1 ± 1.2/75.4 ± 0.7 mmHg vs 3 cups/day: 123.3 ± 0.6/76.4 ± 0.36 mmHg, PNS). However, daytime BP was significantly higher in coffee consumers (about 2 mmHg), suggesting some pressor effects of coffee which vanish during nighttime. Both BP and HR 24-hour HR variability were unaffected. Conclusion: Thus chronic coffee consumption does not appear to have any major lowering effect either on absolute BP values, particulary when they are assessed via 24-hour ambulatory or home BP monitoring, or on 24-hour BP variability.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Ambulatory blood pressure; Blood pressure variability; Clinic blood pressure; Coffee; Heart rate; Home blood pressure;
English
19-mag-2023
2023
33
8 (August 2023)
1539
1545
none
Quarti-Trevano, F., Dell'Oro, R., Vanoli, J., Bombelli, M., Facchetti, R., Mancia, G., et al. (2023). Coffee consumption, clinic, 24-hour and home blood pressure. Findings from the PAMELA study. NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, 33(8 (August 2023)), 1539-1545 [10.1016/j.numecd.2023.05.017].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/430018
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