Significant changes in the helium and carbon isotopic composition of shallow thermal waters vs. gas and a crater fumarolic gas have been recorded at Stromboli prior and during the 2002 - 2003 eruption. The He-3/He-4 ratios corrected for air contamination (Rc/Ra), and delta(13)C of fumarolic gases gradually increased from May to November 2002 before the eruption onset. These variations imply early degassing of a gas-rich magma at depth that likely fed both the intense Strombolian activity and small lava overflows recorded during that period. The lava effusion of late December 2002 was shortly preceded by a marked Rc/Ra decrease both in water and fumarolic gases. Comparison of He/CO2 and CH4/CO2 ratios in dissolved gas and with delta(13)C(CO2) values rules out the Rc/Ra decrease due to an increasing input of radiogenic He-4. The Rc/Ra decrease is attributed to the He isotope fractionation during rapid magma ascent and degassing. A new uprising of He-3-rich magma probably occurred in January to February 2003, when Rc/Ra ratios displayed the highest values in dissolved gases ever measured before (4.56 Rc/Ra). The increase in He/CO2 and CH4/CO2 ratios and decrease in delta(13)C of dissolved CO2 was recorded after the 5 April 2003 explosive paroxysm, likely caused by enhanced gas-water interaction inducing CO2 dissolution. No anomalous Rc/Ra values were recorded in the same period, when usual Strombolian activity gradually resumed.

Capasso, G., Carapezza, M., Federico, C., Inguaggiato, S., Rizzo, A. (2005). Geochemical monitoring of the 2002-2003 eruption at Stromboli volcano (Italy): precursory changes in the carbon and helium isotopic composition of fumarole gases and thermal waters. BULLETIN OF VOLCANOLOGY, 68(2), 118-134 [10.1007/s00445-005-0427-5].

Geochemical monitoring of the 2002-2003 eruption at Stromboli volcano (Italy): precursory changes in the carbon and helium isotopic composition of fumarole gases and thermal waters

Rizzo A
2005

Abstract

Significant changes in the helium and carbon isotopic composition of shallow thermal waters vs. gas and a crater fumarolic gas have been recorded at Stromboli prior and during the 2002 - 2003 eruption. The He-3/He-4 ratios corrected for air contamination (Rc/Ra), and delta(13)C of fumarolic gases gradually increased from May to November 2002 before the eruption onset. These variations imply early degassing of a gas-rich magma at depth that likely fed both the intense Strombolian activity and small lava overflows recorded during that period. The lava effusion of late December 2002 was shortly preceded by a marked Rc/Ra decrease both in water and fumarolic gases. Comparison of He/CO2 and CH4/CO2 ratios in dissolved gas and with delta(13)C(CO2) values rules out the Rc/Ra decrease due to an increasing input of radiogenic He-4. The Rc/Ra decrease is attributed to the He isotope fractionation during rapid magma ascent and degassing. A new uprising of He-3-rich magma probably occurred in January to February 2003, when Rc/Ra ratios displayed the highest values in dissolved gases ever measured before (4.56 Rc/Ra). The increase in He/CO2 and CH4/CO2 ratios and decrease in delta(13)C of dissolved CO2 was recorded after the 5 April 2003 explosive paroxysm, likely caused by enhanced gas-water interaction inducing CO2 dissolution. No anomalous Rc/Ra values were recorded in the same period, when usual Strombolian activity gradually resumed.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Dissolved gases; Eruption; Geochemistry; Helium; Isotopes; Magma ascent; Stromboli
English
2005
68
2
118
134
reserved
Capasso, G., Carapezza, M., Federico, C., Inguaggiato, S., Rizzo, A. (2005). Geochemical monitoring of the 2002-2003 eruption at Stromboli volcano (Italy): precursory changes in the carbon and helium isotopic composition of fumarole gases and thermal waters. BULLETIN OF VOLCANOLOGY, 68(2), 118-134 [10.1007/s00445-005-0427-5].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/428838
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