Clinical or subclinical hyperparathyroidism is one of the most common endocrine disorders. Excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone is most frequently caused by an adenoma of ≥1 parathyroid gland. Unsuccessful surgery with persistent hyperparathyroidism, due to inadequate preoperative or intraoperative localization, may be observed in about 10% of patients. The conventional surgical approach is bilateral neck exploration, whereas minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) has been made possible by the introduction of 99mTc-sestamibi scintigraphy for preoperative localization of parathyroid adenomas. In MIP, the incision is small, dissection is minimal, postoperative pain is less, and hospital stay is shorter. Localization imaging techniques include ultrasonography, CT, MRI, and scintigraphy. Parathyroid scintigraphy with 99mTc-sestamibi is based on longer retention of the tracer in parathyroid than in thyroid tissue. Because of the frequent association of parathyroid adenomas with nodular goiter, the optimal imaging combination is 99mTc-sestamibi scintigraphy and ultrasonography. Different protocols are used for 99mTc-sestamibi parathyroid scintigraphy, depending on the institutional logistics and experience (classical dual-phase scintigraphy, various subtraction techniques in combination with radioiodine or 99mTc-pertechnetate). MIP is greatly aided by intraoperative guidance with a γ-probe, based on in vivo radioactivity counting after injection of 99mTc-sestamibi. Different protocols used for γ-probe-guided MIP are based on different timing and doses of tracer injected. γ-Probe-guided MIP is a very attractive surgical approach to treat patients with primary hyperparathyroidism due to a solitary parathyroid adenoma. The procedure is technically easy, safe, with a low morbidity rate, and has better cosmetic results and lower overall cost than conventional bilateral neck exploration. Specific guidelines should be followed when selecting patients for γ-probe-guided MIP.

Mariani, G., Gulec, S., Rubello, D., Boni, G., Puccini, M., Pelizzo, M., et al. (2003). Preoperative localization and radioguided parathyroid surgery. THE JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE, 44(9), 1443-1458.

Preoperative localization and radioguided parathyroid surgery

Erba, Paola;
2003

Abstract

Clinical or subclinical hyperparathyroidism is one of the most common endocrine disorders. Excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone is most frequently caused by an adenoma of ≥1 parathyroid gland. Unsuccessful surgery with persistent hyperparathyroidism, due to inadequate preoperative or intraoperative localization, may be observed in about 10% of patients. The conventional surgical approach is bilateral neck exploration, whereas minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) has been made possible by the introduction of 99mTc-sestamibi scintigraphy for preoperative localization of parathyroid adenomas. In MIP, the incision is small, dissection is minimal, postoperative pain is less, and hospital stay is shorter. Localization imaging techniques include ultrasonography, CT, MRI, and scintigraphy. Parathyroid scintigraphy with 99mTc-sestamibi is based on longer retention of the tracer in parathyroid than in thyroid tissue. Because of the frequent association of parathyroid adenomas with nodular goiter, the optimal imaging combination is 99mTc-sestamibi scintigraphy and ultrasonography. Different protocols are used for 99mTc-sestamibi parathyroid scintigraphy, depending on the institutional logistics and experience (classical dual-phase scintigraphy, various subtraction techniques in combination with radioiodine or 99mTc-pertechnetate). MIP is greatly aided by intraoperative guidance with a γ-probe, based on in vivo radioactivity counting after injection of 99mTc-sestamibi. Different protocols used for γ-probe-guided MIP are based on different timing and doses of tracer injected. γ-Probe-guided MIP is a very attractive surgical approach to treat patients with primary hyperparathyroidism due to a solitary parathyroid adenoma. The procedure is technically easy, safe, with a low morbidity rate, and has better cosmetic results and lower overall cost than conventional bilateral neck exploration. Specific guidelines should be followed when selecting patients for γ-probe-guided MIP.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
99mTc-sestamibi scintigraphy; Hyperparathyroidism; Parathyroid adenomas, γ-probe-guided surgery; Parathyroid adenomas, minimally invasive surgery; Parathyroid adenomas, preoperative localization;
English
2003
44
9
1443
1458
reserved
Mariani, G., Gulec, S., Rubello, D., Boni, G., Puccini, M., Pelizzo, M., et al. (2003). Preoperative localization and radioguided parathyroid surgery. THE JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE, 44(9), 1443-1458.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/426561
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