Phase angle (PhA) is a recently proposed marker of nutritional status in many clinical conditions. Its use in patients with obesity presents different critical concerns due to the higher variability of the two measured parameters (resistance, R, and reactance, Xc) that contribute to the determination of PhA. Controversial is the relation between PhA and BMI that might vary with graded levels of obesity due to the variation in fat and free fat mass. Obesity is frequently associated with metabolic, hepatic, cardiovascular and kidney diseases that introduce variations in PhA values, in relation to multimorbidity and severity degree of these diseases. It is reported that the improvement of clinical condition is associated with a positive change in PhA. Also, the treatment of obesity with weight loss might confirm this effect, but with different responses in relation to the type and duration of the intervention applied. In fact, the effect appears not only related to the percentage of weight loss but also the possible loss of free fat mass and the nutritional, metabolic and structural modifications that might follow each therapeutic approach to decrease body weight. We can conclude that the PhA could be used as marker of health status in patients with obesity supporting an appropriate weight loss intervention to monitor efficacy and fat free mass preservation.

Cancello, R., Brunani, A., Brenna, E., Soranna, D., Bertoli, S., Zambon, A., et al. (2023). Phase angle (PhA) in overweight and obesity: evidence of applicability from diagnosis to weight changes in obesity treatment. REVIEWS IN ENDOCRINE & METABOLIC DISORDERS, 24(3), 451-464 [10.1007/s11154-022-09774-1].

Phase angle (PhA) in overweight and obesity: evidence of applicability from diagnosis to weight changes in obesity treatment

Cancello R.;Brenna E.;Soranna D.;Zambon A.;
2023

Abstract

Phase angle (PhA) is a recently proposed marker of nutritional status in many clinical conditions. Its use in patients with obesity presents different critical concerns due to the higher variability of the two measured parameters (resistance, R, and reactance, Xc) that contribute to the determination of PhA. Controversial is the relation between PhA and BMI that might vary with graded levels of obesity due to the variation in fat and free fat mass. Obesity is frequently associated with metabolic, hepatic, cardiovascular and kidney diseases that introduce variations in PhA values, in relation to multimorbidity and severity degree of these diseases. It is reported that the improvement of clinical condition is associated with a positive change in PhA. Also, the treatment of obesity with weight loss might confirm this effect, but with different responses in relation to the type and duration of the intervention applied. In fact, the effect appears not only related to the percentage of weight loss but also the possible loss of free fat mass and the nutritional, metabolic and structural modifications that might follow each therapeutic approach to decrease body weight. We can conclude that the PhA could be used as marker of health status in patients with obesity supporting an appropriate weight loss intervention to monitor efficacy and fat free mass preservation.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
BIA; Bioelectrical impedance analysis; BIVA; Obesity; Phase angle; Weight loss;
English
9-dic-2022
2023
24
3
451
464
open
Cancello, R., Brunani, A., Brenna, E., Soranna, D., Bertoli, S., Zambon, A., et al. (2023). Phase angle (PhA) in overweight and obesity: evidence of applicability from diagnosis to weight changes in obesity treatment. REVIEWS IN ENDOCRINE & METABOLIC DISORDERS, 24(3), 451-464 [10.1007/s11154-022-09774-1].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/423921
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