Time perspective (TP) influences various aspects of human life. We aimed to explore the associations between TP, daily time use, and levels of functioning among 620 patients (313 residential patients and 307 outpatients) with a diagnosis of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (SSD) recruited from 37 different centres in Italy. The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale and the Specific Levels of Functioning (SLOF) were used to assess psychiatric symptoms severity and levels of functioning. Daily time use was assessed using an ad hoc paper and pencil Time Use Survey. The Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI) was used to assess TP. Deviation from Balanced Time Perspective (DBTP-r) was used as an indicator of temporal imbalance. Results showed that the amount of time spent on non-productive activities (NPA) was positively predicted by DBTP-r (Exp(0): 1.36; p .003), and negatively predicted by the Past-Positive (Exp(0): 0.80; p .022), Present-Hedonistic (Exp(0): 0.77; p .008), and Future (Exp(0): 0.78; p .012) subscales. DBTP-r significantly negatively predicted SLOF outcomes (p .002), and daily time use, in particular the amount of time spent in NPA and Productive Activities (PA), mediated their association. Results suggested that rehabilitative programs for individuals with SSD should consider fostering a balanced time perspective to reduce inactivity, increase physical activity, and promote healthy daily functioning and autonomy.

Zarbo, C., Stolarski, M., Zamparini, M., Damiani, S., Casiraghi, L., Rocchetti, M., et al. (2023). Time perspective affects daily time use and daily functioning in individuals with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: Results from the multicentric DiAPAson study. JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH, 160(April 2023), 93-100 [10.1016/j.jpsychires.2023.02.012].

Time perspective affects daily time use and daily functioning in individuals with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: Results from the multicentric DiAPAson study

Zarbo C.;Zamparini M.;Casiraghi L.;Rocchetti M.;de Girolamo G.
2023

Abstract

Time perspective (TP) influences various aspects of human life. We aimed to explore the associations between TP, daily time use, and levels of functioning among 620 patients (313 residential patients and 307 outpatients) with a diagnosis of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (SSD) recruited from 37 different centres in Italy. The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale and the Specific Levels of Functioning (SLOF) were used to assess psychiatric symptoms severity and levels of functioning. Daily time use was assessed using an ad hoc paper and pencil Time Use Survey. The Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI) was used to assess TP. Deviation from Balanced Time Perspective (DBTP-r) was used as an indicator of temporal imbalance. Results showed that the amount of time spent on non-productive activities (NPA) was positively predicted by DBTP-r (Exp(0): 1.36; p .003), and negatively predicted by the Past-Positive (Exp(0): 0.80; p .022), Present-Hedonistic (Exp(0): 0.77; p .008), and Future (Exp(0): 0.78; p .012) subscales. DBTP-r significantly negatively predicted SLOF outcomes (p .002), and daily time use, in particular the amount of time spent in NPA and Productive Activities (PA), mediated their association. Results suggested that rehabilitative programs for individuals with SSD should consider fostering a balanced time perspective to reduce inactivity, increase physical activity, and promote healthy daily functioning and autonomy.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale; Humans; Italy; Schizophrenia; Time Perception
English
7-feb-2023
2023
160
April 2023
93
100
reserved
Zarbo, C., Stolarski, M., Zamparini, M., Damiani, S., Casiraghi, L., Rocchetti, M., et al. (2023). Time perspective affects daily time use and daily functioning in individuals with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders: Results from the multicentric DiAPAson study. JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH, 160(April 2023), 93-100 [10.1016/j.jpsychires.2023.02.012].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/421741
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