A narrative review of the major evidence concerning the relationship between emotional regulation and depression was conducted. The literature demonstrates a mediating role of emotional regulation in the development of depression and physical illness. Literature suggests in fact that the employment of adaptive emotional regulation strategies (e.g., reappraisal) causes a reduction of stress-elicited emotions leading to physical disorders. Conversely, dysfunctional emotional regulation strategies and, in particular, rumination and emotion suppression appear to be influential in the pathogenesis of depression and physiological disease. More specifically, the evidence suggests that depression and rumination affect both cognitive (e.g., impaired ability to process negative information) and neurobiological mechanisms (e.g., hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis overactivation and higher rates of cortisol production). Understanding the factors that govern the variety of health outcomes that different people experience following exposure to stress has important implications for the development of effective emotion-regulation interventional approaches (e.g., mindfulness-based therapy, emotion-focused therapy, and emotion regulation therapy).

Compare, A., Zarbo, C., Shonin, E., Van Gordon, W., Marconi, C. (2014). Emotional regulation and depression: a potential mediator between heart and mind. CARDIOVASCULAR PSYCHIATRY AND NEUROLOGY, 2014 [10.1155/2014/324374].

Emotional regulation and depression: a potential mediator between heart and mind

Zarbo C.;
2014

Abstract

A narrative review of the major evidence concerning the relationship between emotional regulation and depression was conducted. The literature demonstrates a mediating role of emotional regulation in the development of depression and physical illness. Literature suggests in fact that the employment of adaptive emotional regulation strategies (e.g., reappraisal) causes a reduction of stress-elicited emotions leading to physical disorders. Conversely, dysfunctional emotional regulation strategies and, in particular, rumination and emotion suppression appear to be influential in the pathogenesis of depression and physiological disease. More specifically, the evidence suggests that depression and rumination affect both cognitive (e.g., impaired ability to process negative information) and neurobiological mechanisms (e.g., hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis overactivation and higher rates of cortisol production). Understanding the factors that govern the variety of health outcomes that different people experience following exposure to stress has important implications for the development of effective emotion-regulation interventional approaches (e.g., mindfulness-based therapy, emotion-focused therapy, and emotion regulation therapy).
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
anxiety disorder; brain region; cognitive therapy; depression; Difficulties with Emotion Regulation Scale; DSM-5; Emotion Expressivity Scale; emotion focused therapy; emotion regulation therapy; Emotional Reactivity Scale; Emotional Regulation Questionnaire; emotionality; human; Mayer Salovey Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test; mindfulness based therapy; named inventories, questionnaires and rating scales; neuroimaging; nonhuman; pathogenesis; physical disease; review; serotoninergic system
English
2014
2014
324374
open
Compare, A., Zarbo, C., Shonin, E., Van Gordon, W., Marconi, C. (2014). Emotional regulation and depression: a potential mediator between heart and mind. CARDIOVASCULAR PSYCHIATRY AND NEUROLOGY, 2014 [10.1155/2014/324374].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/421544
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