Objectives: To verify whether the use of the temporal criterion of 32 weeks' gestation is effective in identifying maternal hemodynamic differences between early- and late-onset fetal growth restriction (FGR), and to test the statistical performance of a classificatory algorithm for FGR. Materials and methods: A prospective multicenter study conducted at three centers over 17 months. Singleton pregnant women with a diagnosis of FGR based on the international Delphi survey consensus at ≥ 20 weeks of gestation were included. FGR was classified as early-onset if diagnosed <32 weeks' gestation and as late-onset if ≥32 weeks. Hemodynamic assessment was performed by USCOM-1A at the time of FGR diagnosis. Comparisons between early- and late-onset FGR among the entire study cohort, FGR associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP-FGR), and isolated FGR (i-FGR) were performed. In addition, HDP-FGR cases were compared to i-FGR, regardless of the temporal cut-off of 32 weeks' gestation. Finally, a classificatory analysis based on the Random Forest model was performed to identify significant variables with the ability to differentiate FGR phenotypes. Results: During the study period, 146 pregnant women fulfilled the inclusion criteria. In 44 cases, FGR was not confirmed at birth, thus limiting the final study population to 102 patients. In 49 (48.1%) women, FGR was associated to HDP. Fifty-nine (57.8%) cases were classified as early-onset. Comparison of the maternal hemodynamics between early- and late-onset FGR did not show any difference. Similarly, non-significant findings were observed in sensitivity analyses performed for HDP-FGR and for i-FGR. In turn, comparison between pregnant women with FGR and hypertension and women with i-FGR, independently of the gestational age at FGR diagnosis, revealed substantial differences, with the former showing higher vascular peripheral resistances and lower cardiac output, among other significant parameters. The classificatory analysis identified both phenotypic and hemodynamic variables as relevant in distinguishing HDP-FGR from i-FGR (p=0.009). Conclusions: Our data show that HDP, rather than gestational age at FGR diagnosis, allows to appreciate specific maternal hemodynamic patterns and to accurately distinguish two different FGR phenotypes. In addition, maternal hemodynamics, alongside phenotypic characteristics, play a central role in classifying these high-risk pregnancies.

Ornaghi, S., Caricati, A., Di Martino, D., Mossa, M., Di Nicola, S., Invernizzi, F., et al. (2022). Non-invasive Maternal Hemodynamic Assessment to Classify High-Risk Pregnancies Complicated by Fetal Growth Restriction. FRONTIERS IN CLINICAL DIABETES AND HEALTHCARE, 3 [10.3389/fcdhc.2022.851971].

Non-invasive Maternal Hemodynamic Assessment to Classify High-Risk Pregnancies Complicated by Fetal Growth Restriction

Ornaghi, Sara
;
Di Nicola, Sara;Invernizzi, Francesca;Vergani, Patrizia
2022

Abstract

Objectives: To verify whether the use of the temporal criterion of 32 weeks' gestation is effective in identifying maternal hemodynamic differences between early- and late-onset fetal growth restriction (FGR), and to test the statistical performance of a classificatory algorithm for FGR. Materials and methods: A prospective multicenter study conducted at three centers over 17 months. Singleton pregnant women with a diagnosis of FGR based on the international Delphi survey consensus at ≥ 20 weeks of gestation were included. FGR was classified as early-onset if diagnosed <32 weeks' gestation and as late-onset if ≥32 weeks. Hemodynamic assessment was performed by USCOM-1A at the time of FGR diagnosis. Comparisons between early- and late-onset FGR among the entire study cohort, FGR associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP-FGR), and isolated FGR (i-FGR) were performed. In addition, HDP-FGR cases were compared to i-FGR, regardless of the temporal cut-off of 32 weeks' gestation. Finally, a classificatory analysis based on the Random Forest model was performed to identify significant variables with the ability to differentiate FGR phenotypes. Results: During the study period, 146 pregnant women fulfilled the inclusion criteria. In 44 cases, FGR was not confirmed at birth, thus limiting the final study population to 102 patients. In 49 (48.1%) women, FGR was associated to HDP. Fifty-nine (57.8%) cases were classified as early-onset. Comparison of the maternal hemodynamics between early- and late-onset FGR did not show any difference. Similarly, non-significant findings were observed in sensitivity analyses performed for HDP-FGR and for i-FGR. In turn, comparison between pregnant women with FGR and hypertension and women with i-FGR, independently of the gestational age at FGR diagnosis, revealed substantial differences, with the former showing higher vascular peripheral resistances and lower cardiac output, among other significant parameters. The classificatory analysis identified both phenotypic and hemodynamic variables as relevant in distinguishing HDP-FGR from i-FGR (p=0.009). Conclusions: Our data show that HDP, rather than gestational age at FGR diagnosis, allows to appreciate specific maternal hemodynamic patterns and to accurately distinguish two different FGR phenotypes. In addition, maternal hemodynamics, alongside phenotypic characteristics, play a central role in classifying these high-risk pregnancies.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Fetal growth restriction (FGR); gestational age; hemodynamic; hypertension; pregnancy; USCOM-1A;
English
2022
3
851971
none
Ornaghi, S., Caricati, A., Di Martino, D., Mossa, M., Di Nicola, S., Invernizzi, F., et al. (2022). Non-invasive Maternal Hemodynamic Assessment to Classify High-Risk Pregnancies Complicated by Fetal Growth Restriction. FRONTIERS IN CLINICAL DIABETES AND HEALTHCARE, 3 [10.3389/fcdhc.2022.851971].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/420362
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