Very different soil types occur across a few tens of meters on dolostone, in a never glaciated karst landscape in the Lombard Pre-Alps (Selvino, Italy). This substrate is locally enriched in well-crystallized sand-grained quartz. The quartz content is responsible for the localized genesis of Podzols. Other soil types observed in the area include strongly rubified (Terra Rossa) horizons (paleosols), preserved in the most protected dolostone cracks. Non-rubified Luvisols and Cambisols were observed in karst dry valleys and dolines while Rendzic Leptosols/Phaeozems were common on the steepest slopes. Such a variety of soils was explained assuming different parent materials (dolostone, silica-rich dolostone, with different amounts of aeolian inputs, ascertained using textural properties, mineralogy, micromorphology, total element composition, mass balance calculations, rare earth elements, and stable elements. Many soils were highly polycyclic, with different layers associated to different parent materials and characterized by different pedogenic processes evidencing different ages. We were thus able to distinguish the horizons mainly developed from the dissolution of the dolostone from those formed in Pleistocene loess. The geochemistry of all surface soil horizons, including Podzols and Rendzic Leptosols/Phaeozems, apparently formed from pure or quartz-rich dolostone dissolution, has been influenced by recent aeolian additions (likely Saharan dust), with deeply modified effects according to different pedogenetic processes acting locally. Saharan dust, in fact, significantly increased metal and rare earth elements contents compared to the substrate, also in the youngest and least weathered soil types.

Eugenio D'Amico, M., Casati, E., Abu El Khair, D., Cavallo, A., Barcella, M., Previtali, F. (2023). Aeolian inputs and dolostone dissolution involved in soil formation in Alpine karst landscapes (Corna Bianca, Italian Alps). CATENA, 230(September 2023), 1-17 [10.1016/j.catena.2023.107254].

Aeolian inputs and dolostone dissolution involved in soil formation in Alpine karst landscapes (Corna Bianca, Italian Alps)

Eugenio D'Amico, Michele
Primo
;
Abu El Khair, Davide;Cavallo, Alessandro;Previtali, Franco
2023

Abstract

Very different soil types occur across a few tens of meters on dolostone, in a never glaciated karst landscape in the Lombard Pre-Alps (Selvino, Italy). This substrate is locally enriched in well-crystallized sand-grained quartz. The quartz content is responsible for the localized genesis of Podzols. Other soil types observed in the area include strongly rubified (Terra Rossa) horizons (paleosols), preserved in the most protected dolostone cracks. Non-rubified Luvisols and Cambisols were observed in karst dry valleys and dolines while Rendzic Leptosols/Phaeozems were common on the steepest slopes. Such a variety of soils was explained assuming different parent materials (dolostone, silica-rich dolostone, with different amounts of aeolian inputs, ascertained using textural properties, mineralogy, micromorphology, total element composition, mass balance calculations, rare earth elements, and stable elements. Many soils were highly polycyclic, with different layers associated to different parent materials and characterized by different pedogenic processes evidencing different ages. We were thus able to distinguish the horizons mainly developed from the dissolution of the dolostone from those formed in Pleistocene loess. The geochemistry of all surface soil horizons, including Podzols and Rendzic Leptosols/Phaeozems, apparently formed from pure or quartz-rich dolostone dissolution, has been influenced by recent aeolian additions (likely Saharan dust), with deeply modified effects according to different pedogenetic processes acting locally. Saharan dust, in fact, significantly increased metal and rare earth elements contents compared to the substrate, also in the youngest and least weathered soil types.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Clay mineralogy; Loess; Micromorphology; Podzol; Rare Earth Elements; Saharan dust; Terra Rossa;
English
31-mag-2023
2023
230
September 2023
1
17
107254
reserved
Eugenio D'Amico, M., Casati, E., Abu El Khair, D., Cavallo, A., Barcella, M., Previtali, F. (2023). Aeolian inputs and dolostone dissolution involved in soil formation in Alpine karst landscapes (Corna Bianca, Italian Alps). CATENA, 230(September 2023), 1-17 [10.1016/j.catena.2023.107254].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/418758
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