The huge number of complex formulations of synthetic dyes and pigments commercialized in the 19th century makes their comprehensive characterization both difficult and fundamental for their successful identifications in artworks. The description of the exact starting composition of a wide collection of reference materials is preliminary to the study of the challenging photo-degradation processes in which most of the early synthetic dyes and pigments are involved. In this paper, four eosin-based lakes, all containing eosin Y, and one also containing eosin B, but differing in the organic and inorganic materials used as fillers, were fully characterized. These formulations were reconstructed on the base of historical recipes from the extensive Wiesel's collection, dated to the 19th century and bought by Dr Kremer (Kremer Pigmente, Germany) in the 1990s. The composition of each formulation was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and luminescence spectroscopy was used as a probe for their inert-distinction. Reference paint layers were then prepared by casting the lakes in linseed oil, and their ageing and impact on color change was monitored for one year by analyzing two sets of paint model systems by colorimetry. For each system, two sets were prepared and one was stored in the dark while the other exposed to natural light. The material distribution and homogeneity of the samples were tested by Synchrotron Radiation based micro infrared spectroscopy (SR-μ-FT-IR). Finally, an ultra-sensitive method based on Liquid Chromatography coupled with High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (LC-HRMS) allowed us to characterize eosin degradation products detected but never identified before, and to evaluate their kinetics of formation.

Sabatini, F., Eis, E., Degano, I., Thoury, M., Bonaduce, I., Lluveras-Tenorio, A. (2020). The issue of eosin fading: A combined spectroscopic and mass spectrometric approach applied to historical lakes. DYES AND PIGMENTS, 180 [10.1016/j.dyepig.2020.108436].

The issue of eosin fading: A combined spectroscopic and mass spectrometric approach applied to historical lakes

Sabatini F.
Primo
;
2020

Abstract

The huge number of complex formulations of synthetic dyes and pigments commercialized in the 19th century makes their comprehensive characterization both difficult and fundamental for their successful identifications in artworks. The description of the exact starting composition of a wide collection of reference materials is preliminary to the study of the challenging photo-degradation processes in which most of the early synthetic dyes and pigments are involved. In this paper, four eosin-based lakes, all containing eosin Y, and one also containing eosin B, but differing in the organic and inorganic materials used as fillers, were fully characterized. These formulations were reconstructed on the base of historical recipes from the extensive Wiesel's collection, dated to the 19th century and bought by Dr Kremer (Kremer Pigmente, Germany) in the 1990s. The composition of each formulation was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and luminescence spectroscopy was used as a probe for their inert-distinction. Reference paint layers were then prepared by casting the lakes in linseed oil, and their ageing and impact on color change was monitored for one year by analyzing two sets of paint model systems by colorimetry. For each system, two sets were prepared and one was stored in the dark while the other exposed to natural light. The material distribution and homogeneity of the samples were tested by Synchrotron Radiation based micro infrared spectroscopy (SR-μ-FT-IR). Finally, an ultra-sensitive method based on Liquid Chromatography coupled with High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (LC-HRMS) allowed us to characterize eosin degradation products detected but never identified before, and to evaluate their kinetics of formation.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Colorimetry; Eosin; Fading and ageing processes; LC-HRMS; Spectroscopic approach;
English
2020
180
108436
reserved
Sabatini, F., Eis, E., Degano, I., Thoury, M., Bonaduce, I., Lluveras-Tenorio, A. (2020). The issue of eosin fading: A combined spectroscopic and mass spectrometric approach applied to historical lakes. DYES AND PIGMENTS, 180 [10.1016/j.dyepig.2020.108436].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/417999
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