Background Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a serious psychiatric illness, associated with an increasing rate of suicide. The pathogenesis of depression may be associated with the disruption of zinc (Zn) homeostasis. In the brain, several proteins that regulate Zn homeostasis are present, including Zn transporters (ZnTs) which remove Zn from the cytosol. The present study was designed to investigate whether depression and suicide are associated with alterations in the expression of the ZnTs protein. Methods Protein levels of ZnT1, ZnT3, ZnT4, ZnT5 and ZnT6 were measured in postmortem brain tissue from two different cohorts. Cohort A contained 10 subjects diagnosed with MDD (7 were suicide victims) and 10 psychiatrically-normal control subjects and cohort B contained 11 non-diagnosed suicide victims and 8 sudden-death control subjects. Moreover, in cohort A we measured protein level of NMDA (GluN2A subunit), AMPA (GluA1 subunit) and 5-HT1A receptors and PSD-95. Proteins were measured in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) using Western blotting. In addition, Zn concentration was measured using a voltammetric method. Results There was a significant increase in protein levels of ZnT1, ZnT4, ZnT5 in the PFC in MDD, relative to control subjects, while ZnT3 protein level was decreased in MDD. There was no significant difference in the Zn concentration in the PFC between control and MDD subjects. Similarly, in the PFC of suicide victims (non-diagnosed), an increase in protein levels of ZnT1, ZnT4, ZnT5 and ZnT6 was observed. Conversely, protein levels of ZnT3 were decreased in both suicide victims and subjects with MDD, in comparison with control subjects. There was also a significant decrease in the protein level of GluA1, GluN2A, PSD-95 and 5-HT1A in MDD. Conclusions Our studies suggest that alterations in Zn transport proteins are associated with the pathophysiology of MDD and suicide.

Rafalo-Ulinska, A., Piotrowska, J., Kryczyk, A., Opoka, W., Sowa-Kucma, M., Misztak, P., et al. (2016). Zinc transporters protein level in postmortem brain of depressed subjects and suicide victims. JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH, 83(December 2016), 220-229 [10.1016/j.jpsychires.2016.09.008].

Zinc transporters protein level in postmortem brain of depressed subjects and suicide victims

Misztak P.;
2016

Abstract

Background Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a serious psychiatric illness, associated with an increasing rate of suicide. The pathogenesis of depression may be associated with the disruption of zinc (Zn) homeostasis. In the brain, several proteins that regulate Zn homeostasis are present, including Zn transporters (ZnTs) which remove Zn from the cytosol. The present study was designed to investigate whether depression and suicide are associated with alterations in the expression of the ZnTs protein. Methods Protein levels of ZnT1, ZnT3, ZnT4, ZnT5 and ZnT6 were measured in postmortem brain tissue from two different cohorts. Cohort A contained 10 subjects diagnosed with MDD (7 were suicide victims) and 10 psychiatrically-normal control subjects and cohort B contained 11 non-diagnosed suicide victims and 8 sudden-death control subjects. Moreover, in cohort A we measured protein level of NMDA (GluN2A subunit), AMPA (GluA1 subunit) and 5-HT1A receptors and PSD-95. Proteins were measured in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) using Western blotting. In addition, Zn concentration was measured using a voltammetric method. Results There was a significant increase in protein levels of ZnT1, ZnT4, ZnT5 in the PFC in MDD, relative to control subjects, while ZnT3 protein level was decreased in MDD. There was no significant difference in the Zn concentration in the PFC between control and MDD subjects. Similarly, in the PFC of suicide victims (non-diagnosed), an increase in protein levels of ZnT1, ZnT4, ZnT5 and ZnT6 was observed. Conversely, protein levels of ZnT3 were decreased in both suicide victims and subjects with MDD, in comparison with control subjects. There was also a significant decrease in the protein level of GluA1, GluN2A, PSD-95 and 5-HT1A in MDD. Conclusions Our studies suggest that alterations in Zn transport proteins are associated with the pathophysiology of MDD and suicide.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
5-HT1A; Glutamate receptors; Major depressive disorder; Suicide; Zinc; Zn transporters;
English
2016
83
December 2016
220
229
none
Rafalo-Ulinska, A., Piotrowska, J., Kryczyk, A., Opoka, W., Sowa-Kucma, M., Misztak, P., et al. (2016). Zinc transporters protein level in postmortem brain of depressed subjects and suicide victims. JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRIC RESEARCH, 83(December 2016), 220-229 [10.1016/j.jpsychires.2016.09.008].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/417793
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