CO2 adsorption and activation on Cu single atom catalysts and Cu nanoclusters supported on the (110) surface of rutile and on the (101) surface of anatase TiO2 have been investigated by means of first principles electronic structure calculations. The role of oxide reduction associated to the presence of oxygen vacancies has been considered. Five main messages emerge from this study. (1) CO2 activation on Cu/TiO2 nanostructures is surface sensitive, as the rutile and anatase surfaces can exhibit different behaviors; (2) the surface morphology is essential since CO2 is activated only when the molecule can simultaneously bind to at least two active sites, such as a Cu atom on one side and an oxide ion on the other site; (3) Cu atoms on TiO2 are in the +I oxidation state and can bind and activate CO2 via charge transfer from the oxide; (4) on supported Cu clusters CO2 activation occurs mostly at the metal/oxide interface; (5) the presence of O vacancy sites facilitates the spontaneous dissociation of CO2 to CO, or increases the electron density of the metal catalyst, two effects that can influence the mechanism of CO2 reduction to methanol or other chemicals.

Barlocco, I., Maleki, F., Pacchioni, G. (2023). CO2 Activation on Cu/TiO2 Nanostructures: Importance of Dual Binding Site. CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, 29(36 (June 27, 2023)) [10.1002/chem.202300757].

CO2 Activation on Cu/TiO2 Nanostructures: Importance of Dual Binding Site

Barlocco I.;Maleki F.;Pacchioni G.
2023

Abstract

CO2 adsorption and activation on Cu single atom catalysts and Cu nanoclusters supported on the (110) surface of rutile and on the (101) surface of anatase TiO2 have been investigated by means of first principles electronic structure calculations. The role of oxide reduction associated to the presence of oxygen vacancies has been considered. Five main messages emerge from this study. (1) CO2 activation on Cu/TiO2 nanostructures is surface sensitive, as the rutile and anatase surfaces can exhibit different behaviors; (2) the surface morphology is essential since CO2 is activated only when the molecule can simultaneously bind to at least two active sites, such as a Cu atom on one side and an oxide ion on the other site; (3) Cu atoms on TiO2 are in the +I oxidation state and can bind and activate CO2 via charge transfer from the oxide; (4) on supported Cu clusters CO2 activation occurs mostly at the metal/oxide interface; (5) the presence of O vacancy sites facilitates the spontaneous dissociation of CO2 to CO, or increases the electron density of the metal catalyst, two effects that can influence the mechanism of CO2 reduction to methanol or other chemicals.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
CO2 activation; DFT calculations; single atom catalyst; supported cluster; TiO2;
English
6-apr-2023
2023
29
36 (June 27, 2023)
e202300757
none
Barlocco, I., Maleki, F., Pacchioni, G. (2023). CO2 Activation on Cu/TiO2 Nanostructures: Importance of Dual Binding Site. CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, 29(36 (June 27, 2023)) [10.1002/chem.202300757].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/415877
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