Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events, and evidence has been obtained that an increase of a normal left ventricular mass (LVM) or new-onset LVH over time augments cardiovascular outcomes. Methods: We addressed this issue in a sample of a general population at relatively low cardiovascular risk. We analyzed subjects with normal echocardiographic LVM enrolled in the PAMELA (Pressioni Arteriose Monitorate E Loro Associazioni) study to follow the increase of LVM over time and assess the prognostic impact of this change on the incidence of cardiovascular events (mean follow-up 18.5 years). Results: In 990 subjects with no LVH at baseline, there was a significant average increase of LVM (21.2%), LVMIBSA(18.9%), and LVMIHT(22.3%) more than 10 years later. About a quarter developed LVH. The LVMIBSAchange exhibited an association with the cardiovascular risk mortality during the following 18.5 years, and the association remained significant after adjustment for confounders (hazard ratio, 1.2 [1.0-1.5]). Similar findings were obtained for LVM in absolute values or indexed for height. The association was seen in both genders, but the link with the cardiovascular risk was statistically significant in males only. Conclusions: Thus, although over 10 years, the LVM increase does not reach a LVH status, it is associated with an augmented cardiovascular mortality risk. This suggests that it might be important to consider periodical LVM assessment, even when LVM is within the normal range, to timely detect its increase and cope with the need of cardiovascular risk restratification.

Bombelli, M., Vanoli, J., Facchetti, R., Maloberti, A., Cuspidi, C., Grassi, G., et al. (2023). Impact of the Increase in Left Ventricular Mass on the Risk of Long-Term Cardiovascular Mortality: A Prospective Cohort Study. HYPERTENSION, 80(6), 1321-1330 [10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.122.19988].

Impact of the Increase in Left Ventricular Mass on the Risk of Long-Term Cardiovascular Mortality: A Prospective Cohort Study

Bombelli, Michele;Vanoli, Jennifer;Facchetti, Rita;Maloberti, Alessandro;Cuspidi, Cesare;Grassi, Guido;Mancia, Giuseppe
2023

Abstract

Background: Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events, and evidence has been obtained that an increase of a normal left ventricular mass (LVM) or new-onset LVH over time augments cardiovascular outcomes. Methods: We addressed this issue in a sample of a general population at relatively low cardiovascular risk. We analyzed subjects with normal echocardiographic LVM enrolled in the PAMELA (Pressioni Arteriose Monitorate E Loro Associazioni) study to follow the increase of LVM over time and assess the prognostic impact of this change on the incidence of cardiovascular events (mean follow-up 18.5 years). Results: In 990 subjects with no LVH at baseline, there was a significant average increase of LVM (21.2%), LVMIBSA(18.9%), and LVMIHT(22.3%) more than 10 years later. About a quarter developed LVH. The LVMIBSAchange exhibited an association with the cardiovascular risk mortality during the following 18.5 years, and the association remained significant after adjustment for confounders (hazard ratio, 1.2 [1.0-1.5]). Similar findings were obtained for LVM in absolute values or indexed for height. The association was seen in both genders, but the link with the cardiovascular risk was statistically significant in males only. Conclusions: Thus, although over 10 years, the LVM increase does not reach a LVH status, it is associated with an augmented cardiovascular mortality risk. This suggests that it might be important to consider periodical LVM assessment, even when LVM is within the normal range, to timely detect its increase and cope with the need of cardiovascular risk restratification.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
cardiovascular events; cardiovascular risk; glucose; left ventricular mass; participants;
English
19-apr-2023
2023
80
6
1321
1330
none
Bombelli, M., Vanoli, J., Facchetti, R., Maloberti, A., Cuspidi, C., Grassi, G., et al. (2023). Impact of the Increase in Left Ventricular Mass on the Risk of Long-Term Cardiovascular Mortality: A Prospective Cohort Study. HYPERTENSION, 80(6), 1321-1330 [10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.122.19988].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/415829
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