Recent research suggests that embodiment sensations (sense of body ownership and sense of body agency) are altered in schizophrenia. Using a mirror box illusion setup, we tested if the anomalous embodiment experience depends on deficient processing of visuomotor synchrony, disrupted processing of movement mode, or both. The task required participants to press a lever with their index while looking at the image of the experimenter’s hand moving on a similar lever. The illusion of embodiment could arise because looking toward the direction of their own hand the participant saw the reflection of the experimenter’s hand visually superimposed to his own one through a mirror. During the illusion induction, we systematically varied visuomotor asynchrony (4 delays were imposed on the movement of the experimenter’s hand) and the mode of movement (the participant could perform active vs. passive movements). The strength of the illusion of embodiment of the external hand was assessed with explicit judgments of ownership and agency. Patients’ data showed an anomalous modulation of ownership with respect to visuomotor synchrony manipulation and an altered modulation of agency with respect to both visuomotor synchrony and movement mode manipulations. Results from the present study suggest that impairments affecting both the processing of temporal aspects of visuomotor signals and the processing of type of movement underlie anomalous embodiment sensations in schizophrenia. Hypotheses about potential deficits accounting for our results are proposed.

Rossetti, I., Repossi, M., Florio, V., Demartini, B., Conca, A., Gambini, O., et al. (2022). Sense of body ownership and body agency in schizophrenia. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 12(1), 1-10 [10.1038/s41598-022-23988-y].

Sense of body ownership and body agency in schizophrenia

Rossetti I.
Primo
;
Maravita A.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Recent research suggests that embodiment sensations (sense of body ownership and sense of body agency) are altered in schizophrenia. Using a mirror box illusion setup, we tested if the anomalous embodiment experience depends on deficient processing of visuomotor synchrony, disrupted processing of movement mode, or both. The task required participants to press a lever with their index while looking at the image of the experimenter’s hand moving on a similar lever. The illusion of embodiment could arise because looking toward the direction of their own hand the participant saw the reflection of the experimenter’s hand visually superimposed to his own one through a mirror. During the illusion induction, we systematically varied visuomotor asynchrony (4 delays were imposed on the movement of the experimenter’s hand) and the mode of movement (the participant could perform active vs. passive movements). The strength of the illusion of embodiment of the external hand was assessed with explicit judgments of ownership and agency. Patients’ data showed an anomalous modulation of ownership with respect to visuomotor synchrony manipulation and an altered modulation of agency with respect to both visuomotor synchrony and movement mode manipulations. Results from the present study suggest that impairments affecting both the processing of temporal aspects of visuomotor signals and the processing of type of movement underlie anomalous embodiment sensations in schizophrenia. Hypotheses about potential deficits accounting for our results are proposed.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
schizophrenia agency ownership
English
12-nov-2022
2022
12
1
1
10
19369
open
Rossetti, I., Repossi, M., Florio, V., Demartini, B., Conca, A., Gambini, O., et al. (2022). Sense of body ownership and body agency in schizophrenia. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 12(1), 1-10 [10.1038/s41598-022-23988-y].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/415596
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