Biomaterial surface modification through the introduction of defined and repeated patterns of topography helps study cell behavior in response to defined geometrical cues. The lithographic molding technique is widely used for conferring biomaterial surface microscale cues and enhancing the performance of biomedical devices. In this work, different master molds made by UV mask lithography were used to prepare poly (D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) - PLGA micropatterned membranes to present different features of topography at the cellular interface: channels, circular pillars, rectangular pillars, and pits. The effects of geometrical cues were investigated on different cell sources, such as neuronal cells, myoblasts, and stem cells. Morphological evaluation revealed a peculiar cell arrangement in response to a specific topographical stimulus sensed over the membrane surface. Cells seeded on linear-grooved membranes showed that this cue promoted elongated cell morphology. Rectangular and circular pillars act instead as discontinuous cues at the cell-membrane interface, inducing cell growth in multiple directions. The array of pits over the surface also highlighted the precise spatiotemporal organization of the cell; they grew between the interconnected membrane space within the pits, avoiding the microscale hole. The overall approach allowed the evaluation of the responses of different cell types adhered to various surface patterns, build-up on the same polymeric membrane, and disclosing the effect of specific topographical features. We explored how various microtopographic signals play distinct roles in different cells, thus affecting cell adhesion, migration, differentiation, cell-cell interactions, and other metabolic activities.

Piscioneri, A., Morelli, S., Ritacco, T., Giocondo, M., Penaloza, R., Drioli, E., et al. (2023). Topographical cues of PLGA membranes modulate the behavior of hMSCs, myoblasts and neuronal cells. COLLOIDS AND SURFACES. B, BIOINTERFACES, 222(February 2023) [10.1016/j.colsurfb.2022.113070].

Topographical cues of PLGA membranes modulate the behavior of hMSCs, myoblasts and neuronal cells

Penaloza R.;
2023

Abstract

Biomaterial surface modification through the introduction of defined and repeated patterns of topography helps study cell behavior in response to defined geometrical cues. The lithographic molding technique is widely used for conferring biomaterial surface microscale cues and enhancing the performance of biomedical devices. In this work, different master molds made by UV mask lithography were used to prepare poly (D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) - PLGA micropatterned membranes to present different features of topography at the cellular interface: channels, circular pillars, rectangular pillars, and pits. The effects of geometrical cues were investigated on different cell sources, such as neuronal cells, myoblasts, and stem cells. Morphological evaluation revealed a peculiar cell arrangement in response to a specific topographical stimulus sensed over the membrane surface. Cells seeded on linear-grooved membranes showed that this cue promoted elongated cell morphology. Rectangular and circular pillars act instead as discontinuous cues at the cell-membrane interface, inducing cell growth in multiple directions. The array of pits over the surface also highlighted the precise spatiotemporal organization of the cell; they grew between the interconnected membrane space within the pits, avoiding the microscale hole. The overall approach allowed the evaluation of the responses of different cell types adhered to various surface patterns, build-up on the same polymeric membrane, and disclosing the effect of specific topographical features. We explored how various microtopographic signals play distinct roles in different cells, thus affecting cell adhesion, migration, differentiation, cell-cell interactions, and other metabolic activities.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
hMSCs; Myoblasts; Neuronal cells; PLGA membranes; Topographical cues;
English
5-dic-2022
2023
222
February 2023
113070
none
Piscioneri, A., Morelli, S., Ritacco, T., Giocondo, M., Penaloza, R., Drioli, E., et al. (2023). Topographical cues of PLGA membranes modulate the behavior of hMSCs, myoblasts and neuronal cells. COLLOIDS AND SURFACES. B, BIOINTERFACES, 222(February 2023) [10.1016/j.colsurfb.2022.113070].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/414522
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