To avoid or mitigate runaway electron (RE) beams in ITER, RE-driven instabilities are actively studied as a complimentary technique to massive material injection. In this work we report experimental dependencies of Alfvénic instabilities driven by REs during the current quench in DIII-D on plasma and material injection parameters. These instabilities, observed in the frequency range of 0.1-3 MHz, correlate with increased RE loss and thus may play a role in non-sustained RE beams. It was found that as the toroidal magnetic field ( B T ) decreases, the RE population becomes more energetic, the energy of instabilities increases, and no RE beam is observed when the maximum energy of REs exceeds 15 MeV (or when B T is below 1.8 T). Analysis of disruptions at plasma core temperature ( T e ) of 1 keV and 8 keV shows that the RE population is much less energetic (with the maximum energy of only about 3 MeV) when T e is high, and no instabilities are observed in this case. Besides disruptions above caused by Ar injection, cases with Ne and D2 injections were also studied. Both Ne and D2 injections cause no sustained RE beams, however, for different reasons. Measurements of the instability polarization indicate that it is of predominantly compressional nature at the edge, which is consistent with modeling suggesting excitation of compressional Alfvén eigenmodes. However, drive of global Alfvén eigenmodes is also possible at low frequencies.

Lvovskiy, A., Paz-Soldan, C., Eidietis, N., Dal Molin, A., Degrandchamp, G., Hollmann, E., et al. (2023). Parametric study of Alfvenic instabilities driven by runaway electrons during the current quench in DIII-D. NUCLEAR FUSION, 63(4) [10.1088/1741-4326/acb725].

Parametric study of Alfvenic instabilities driven by runaway electrons during the current quench in DIII-D

Dal Molin, A;Nocente, M;
2023

Abstract

To avoid or mitigate runaway electron (RE) beams in ITER, RE-driven instabilities are actively studied as a complimentary technique to massive material injection. In this work we report experimental dependencies of Alfvénic instabilities driven by REs during the current quench in DIII-D on plasma and material injection parameters. These instabilities, observed in the frequency range of 0.1-3 MHz, correlate with increased RE loss and thus may play a role in non-sustained RE beams. It was found that as the toroidal magnetic field ( B T ) decreases, the RE population becomes more energetic, the energy of instabilities increases, and no RE beam is observed when the maximum energy of REs exceeds 15 MeV (or when B T is below 1.8 T). Analysis of disruptions at plasma core temperature ( T e ) of 1 keV and 8 keV shows that the RE population is much less energetic (with the maximum energy of only about 3 MeV) when T e is high, and no instabilities are observed in this case. Besides disruptions above caused by Ar injection, cases with Ne and D2 injections were also studied. Both Ne and D2 injections cause no sustained RE beams, however, for different reasons. Measurements of the instability polarization indicate that it is of predominantly compressional nature at the edge, which is consistent with modeling suggesting excitation of compressional Alfvén eigenmodes. However, drive of global Alfvén eigenmodes is also possible at low frequencies.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
kinetic instabilities; runaway electrons; tokamak disruptions;
English
2023
63
4
046011
none
Lvovskiy, A., Paz-Soldan, C., Eidietis, N., Dal Molin, A., Degrandchamp, G., Hollmann, E., et al. (2023). Parametric study of Alfvenic instabilities driven by runaway electrons during the current quench in DIII-D. NUCLEAR FUSION, 63(4) [10.1088/1741-4326/acb725].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/413723
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