Purpose: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity (CIPN) is a highly prevalent, dose-limiting, costly, and tough-to-treat adverse effect of several chemotherapy agents, presenting as sensory and motor dysfunction in the distal extremities. Due to limited effective treatments, CIPN can permanently reduce patient function, independence, and quality of life. One of the most promising interventions for CIPN is physical therapy which includes exercise, stretching, balance, and manual therapy interventions. Currently, there are no physical therapy guidelines for CIPN, thus limiting its uptake and potential effectiveness. Methods: Utilizing the authors’ collective expertise spanning physical therapy, symptom management research, oncology, neurology, and treating patients with CIPN, we propose a comprehensive clinical workflow for physical therapists to assess and treat CIPN. This workflow is based on (1) physical therapy guidelines for treating neurologic symptoms like those of CIPN, (2) results of clinical research on physical therapy and exercise, and (3) physical therapy clinical judgement. Results: We present detailed tables of pertinent physical therapy assessment and treatment methods that can be used in clinical settings. CIPN assessment should include detailed sensory assessment, objective strength assessments of involved extremities, and validated physical performance measures incorporating static and dynamic balance, gait, and functional mobility components. CIPN treatment should involve sensorimotor, strength, balance, and endurance-focused interventions, alongside a home-based exercise prescription that includes aerobic training. We conclude with action items for oncology teams, physical therapists, patients, and researchers to best apply this framework to address CIPN. Conclusions: Physical therapists are in a unique position to help assess, prevent, and treat CIPN given their training and prevalence, yet there are no physical therapy clinical practice guidelines for CIPN. Our preliminary suggestions for CIPN assessments and treatments can catalyze the development of guidelines to assess and treat CIPN. We urge oncology teams, physical therapists, patients, and researchers to develop, adapt, and disseminate this framework to help alleviate the burden of chemotherapy on patients with cancer.

Stoller, S., Capozza, S., Alberti, P., Lustberg, M., Kleckner, I. (2023). Framework to leverage physical therapists for the assessment and treatment of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity (CIPN). SUPPORTIVE CARE IN CANCER, 31(5) [10.1007/s00520-023-07734-2].

Framework to leverage physical therapists for the assessment and treatment of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity (CIPN)

Alberti, Paola;
2023

Abstract

Purpose: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity (CIPN) is a highly prevalent, dose-limiting, costly, and tough-to-treat adverse effect of several chemotherapy agents, presenting as sensory and motor dysfunction in the distal extremities. Due to limited effective treatments, CIPN can permanently reduce patient function, independence, and quality of life. One of the most promising interventions for CIPN is physical therapy which includes exercise, stretching, balance, and manual therapy interventions. Currently, there are no physical therapy guidelines for CIPN, thus limiting its uptake and potential effectiveness. Methods: Utilizing the authors’ collective expertise spanning physical therapy, symptom management research, oncology, neurology, and treating patients with CIPN, we propose a comprehensive clinical workflow for physical therapists to assess and treat CIPN. This workflow is based on (1) physical therapy guidelines for treating neurologic symptoms like those of CIPN, (2) results of clinical research on physical therapy and exercise, and (3) physical therapy clinical judgement. Results: We present detailed tables of pertinent physical therapy assessment and treatment methods that can be used in clinical settings. CIPN assessment should include detailed sensory assessment, objective strength assessments of involved extremities, and validated physical performance measures incorporating static and dynamic balance, gait, and functional mobility components. CIPN treatment should involve sensorimotor, strength, balance, and endurance-focused interventions, alongside a home-based exercise prescription that includes aerobic training. We conclude with action items for oncology teams, physical therapists, patients, and researchers to best apply this framework to address CIPN. Conclusions: Physical therapists are in a unique position to help assess, prevent, and treat CIPN given their training and prevalence, yet there are no physical therapy clinical practice guidelines for CIPN. Our preliminary suggestions for CIPN assessments and treatments can catalyze the development of guidelines to assess and treat CIPN. We urge oncology teams, physical therapists, patients, and researchers to develop, adapt, and disseminate this framework to help alleviate the burden of chemotherapy on patients with cancer.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
Cancer; CIPN; Exercise; Physical therapy;
English
22-apr-2023
2023
31
5
293
reserved
Stoller, S., Capozza, S., Alberti, P., Lustberg, M., Kleckner, I. (2023). Framework to leverage physical therapists for the assessment and treatment of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neurotoxicity (CIPN). SUPPORTIVE CARE IN CANCER, 31(5) [10.1007/s00520-023-07734-2].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/413295
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