Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder consisting of multiple motor and one or more vocal/phonic tics. TS is increasingly recognized as a common neuropsychiatric disorder usually diagnosed in early childhood and comorbid neuropsychiatric disorders occur in approximately 90% of patients, with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) being the most common ones. Moreover, a high prevalence of depression and personality disorders has been reported. Although the mainstream of tic management is represented by pharmacotherapy, different kinds of psychotherapy, along with neurosurgical interventions (especially deep brain stimulation, DBS) play a major role in the treatment of TS. The current diagnostic systems have dictated that TS is a unitary condition. However, recent studies have demonstrated that there may be more than one TS phenotype. In conclusion, it appears that TS probably should no longer be considered merely a motor disorder and, most importantly, that TS is no longer a unitary condition, as it was previously thought. Neurodegenerative Diseases, edited by Shamim I. Ahmad.

Cavanna, A., Termine, C. (2012). Tourette Syndrome. In S.I. Ahmad (a cura di), Neurodegenerative Diseases (pp. 375-383). Springer [10.1007/978-1-4614-0653-2_28].

Tourette Syndrome

Cavanna A
;
2012

Abstract

Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder consisting of multiple motor and one or more vocal/phonic tics. TS is increasingly recognized as a common neuropsychiatric disorder usually diagnosed in early childhood and comorbid neuropsychiatric disorders occur in approximately 90% of patients, with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) being the most common ones. Moreover, a high prevalence of depression and personality disorders has been reported. Although the mainstream of tic management is represented by pharmacotherapy, different kinds of psychotherapy, along with neurosurgical interventions (especially deep brain stimulation, DBS) play a major role in the treatment of TS. The current diagnostic systems have dictated that TS is a unitary condition. However, recent studies have demonstrated that there may be more than one TS phenotype. In conclusion, it appears that TS probably should no longer be considered merely a motor disorder and, most importantly, that TS is no longer a unitary condition, as it was previously thought. Neurodegenerative Diseases, edited by Shamim I. Ahmad.
Capitolo o saggio
article; attention deficit disorder; behavior therapy; clinical assessment; clinical feature; depression; diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders; diagnostic value; gene expression regulation; genetic susceptibility; genetic variability; Gilles de la Tourette syndrome; human; international classification of diseases; mini mental state examination; molecular pathology; obsessive compulsive disorder; personality disorder; priority journal; psychopharmacotherapy; relaxation training; self monitoring; tic; unspecified side effect; attention deficit disorder; differential diagnosis; Gilles de la Tourette syndrome; obsessive compulsive disorder; review
English
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Ahmad, SI
2012
978-1-4614-0652-5
724
Springer
375
383
Cavanna, A., Termine, C. (2012). Tourette Syndrome. In S.I. Ahmad (a cura di), Neurodegenerative Diseases (pp. 375-383). Springer [10.1007/978-1-4614-0653-2_28].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/410979
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