Metal soaps or metal alkanoates are metal–organic complexes held together with metal cations and the functional groups of hydrocarbon chains. They can be synthesized at a high yield by simply mixing the metal and organic sources, forming crystalline frameworks with diverse topology, and have been studied in the past because of their rich polymorphism-like liquid crystals. Their ability to melt while retaining the crystalline properties upon cooling is unique among nanoporous materials and is especially attractive for membrane fabrication. Herein, metal soaps as a new class of material for molecular separation are reported. Three metal soaps, Ca(SO4C12H25)2, Zn(COOC6H13)2, and Cu(COOC9H19)2, hosting lamellar structure with molecular-sized channels are synthesized. They are processed in thin, intergrown, polycrystalline films on porous substrates by two scalable methods, interfacial crystallization and melting with an extremely small processing time (a minute to an hour). The resulting crystalline films are oriented with the alkyl chains perpendicular to the porous substrate which favors molecular transport. The prepared membranes demonstrate attractive gas separation behavior, e.g., 300-nm-thick Ca(SO4C12H25)2 membrane prepared in a minute using interfacial crystallization yields H2 permeance of 6.1 × 10−7 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−1 with H2/CO2 selectivity of 10.5.

Liu, Q., Babu, D., Hao, J., Vahdat, M., Campi, D., Agrawal, K. (2021). Metal Soap Membranes for Gas Separation. ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, 31(1) [10.1002/adfm.202005629].

Metal Soap Membranes for Gas Separation

Campi D.;
2021

Abstract

Metal soaps or metal alkanoates are metal–organic complexes held together with metal cations and the functional groups of hydrocarbon chains. They can be synthesized at a high yield by simply mixing the metal and organic sources, forming crystalline frameworks with diverse topology, and have been studied in the past because of their rich polymorphism-like liquid crystals. Their ability to melt while retaining the crystalline properties upon cooling is unique among nanoporous materials and is especially attractive for membrane fabrication. Herein, metal soaps as a new class of material for molecular separation are reported. Three metal soaps, Ca(SO4C12H25)2, Zn(COOC6H13)2, and Cu(COOC9H19)2, hosting lamellar structure with molecular-sized channels are synthesized. They are processed in thin, intergrown, polycrystalline films on porous substrates by two scalable methods, interfacial crystallization and melting with an extremely small processing time (a minute to an hour). The resulting crystalline films are oriented with the alkyl chains perpendicular to the porous substrate which favors molecular transport. The prepared membranes demonstrate attractive gas separation behavior, e.g., 300-nm-thick Ca(SO4C12H25)2 membrane prepared in a minute using interfacial crystallization yields H2 permeance of 6.1 × 10−7 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−1 with H2/CO2 selectivity of 10.5.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
gas separation; interfacial crystallization; melting; membranes; metal soaps;
English
24-set-2020
2021
31
1
2005629
none
Liu, Q., Babu, D., Hao, J., Vahdat, M., Campi, D., Agrawal, K. (2021). Metal Soap Membranes for Gas Separation. ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, 31(1) [10.1002/adfm.202005629].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/409755
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