Background: The aim of this study is to compare the 2021–2022 bronchiolitis season to the four previous years (2017–2018, 2018–2019, 2019–2020, 2020–2021) to see if there was an anticipation of the peak, an overall increase of cases, and an increased need of intensive care. Methods: A retrospective single-centre study in the San Gerardo Hospital Fondazione MBBM, Monza, Italy was performed. Emergency Departments (ED) visits of patients aged < 18 years and ≤ 12 months were analyzed: the incidence of bronchiolitis on total assessments, the urgency level at triage and the hospitalization rate were compared. Data of children admitted to the Pediatric Department due to bronchiolitis were analyzed in terms of need of intensive care, respiratory support (type and duration), length of hospital stay, main etiological agent, patient characteristics. Results: During 2020–2021 (first pandemic period) an important reduction in the ED attendance for bronchiolitis was observed, while in 2021–2022 there was an increase in incidence of bronchiolitis (13% of visits in infants < 1 year) and in the rate of urgent accesses (p = 0.0002), but hospitalization rates did not differ compared to previous years. Furthermore, an anticipated peak in November 2021 was observed. In the 2021–2022 cohort of admitted children to the Pediatric Department, a statistically significative increased need of intensive care unit was detected (Odds Ratio 3.1, 95% CI 1.4–6.8 after adjustment for severity and clinical characteristics). Instead, respiratory support (type and duration) and length of hospital stay did not differ. RSV was the main etiological agent and RSV-bronchiolitis determined a more severe infection (type and duration of breathing support, intensive care need and length of hospital stay). Conclusions: During Sars-CoV-2 lockdowns (2020–2021), there was a dramatic decrease of bronchiolitis and others respiratory infections. In the following season, 2021–2022, an overall increase of cases with an anticipated peak was observed and data analysis confirmed that patients in 2021–2022 required more intensive care than children in the four previous seasons.

Faraguna, M., Lepri, I., Clavenna, A., Bonati, M., Vimercati, C., Sala, D., et al. (2023). The bronchiolitis epidemic in 2021–2022 during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: experience of a third level centre in Northern Italy. THE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 49(1) [10.1186/s13052-023-01425-8].

The bronchiolitis epidemic in 2021–2022 during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: experience of a third level centre in Northern Italy

Faraguna, MC
;
Lepri, I
;
Bonati, M;Sala, D;Cattoni, A;Melzi, M;Biondi, A
2023

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study is to compare the 2021–2022 bronchiolitis season to the four previous years (2017–2018, 2018–2019, 2019–2020, 2020–2021) to see if there was an anticipation of the peak, an overall increase of cases, and an increased need of intensive care. Methods: A retrospective single-centre study in the San Gerardo Hospital Fondazione MBBM, Monza, Italy was performed. Emergency Departments (ED) visits of patients aged < 18 years and ≤ 12 months were analyzed: the incidence of bronchiolitis on total assessments, the urgency level at triage and the hospitalization rate were compared. Data of children admitted to the Pediatric Department due to bronchiolitis were analyzed in terms of need of intensive care, respiratory support (type and duration), length of hospital stay, main etiological agent, patient characteristics. Results: During 2020–2021 (first pandemic period) an important reduction in the ED attendance for bronchiolitis was observed, while in 2021–2022 there was an increase in incidence of bronchiolitis (13% of visits in infants < 1 year) and in the rate of urgent accesses (p = 0.0002), but hospitalization rates did not differ compared to previous years. Furthermore, an anticipated peak in November 2021 was observed. In the 2021–2022 cohort of admitted children to the Pediatric Department, a statistically significative increased need of intensive care unit was detected (Odds Ratio 3.1, 95% CI 1.4–6.8 after adjustment for severity and clinical characteristics). Instead, respiratory support (type and duration) and length of hospital stay did not differ. RSV was the main etiological agent and RSV-bronchiolitis determined a more severe infection (type and duration of breathing support, intensive care need and length of hospital stay). Conclusions: During Sars-CoV-2 lockdowns (2020–2021), there was a dramatic decrease of bronchiolitis and others respiratory infections. In the following season, 2021–2022, an overall increase of cases with an anticipated peak was observed and data analysis confirmed that patients in 2021–2022 required more intensive care than children in the four previous seasons.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Bronchiolitis; Epidemic; Respiratory syncytial virus; Sars-CoV-2;
English
21-feb-2023
2023
49
1
26
open
Faraguna, M., Lepri, I., Clavenna, A., Bonati, M., Vimercati, C., Sala, D., et al. (2023). The bronchiolitis epidemic in 2021–2022 during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: experience of a third level centre in Northern Italy. THE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, 49(1) [10.1186/s13052-023-01425-8].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/407275
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