Organic acid stress often represents a major hurdle in industrial bio-based microbial processes. Organic acids can be released from lignocellulosic feedstocks pretreatment and can also be desirable products obtained by microbial fermentation with applications in different industrial sectors. Yeasts are prominent cell factories. However, the presence of organic acids can compromise yeast metabolism, impairing fermentation performances and limiting the economic feasibility of the processes. Plasma membrane remodeling is deeply involved in yeast tolerance to organic acids, but the detailed mechanisms and potentials of this phenomenon remain largely to be studied and exploited. We investigated the impact of ergosterol on Saccharomyces cerevisiae tolerance against organic acid stress by coupling in vitro and in vivo assays. In the in vitro assay, synthetic lipid vesicles were prepared containing different concentrations of ergosterol. We observed changes in organic acids diffusion through the membrane as a function of ergosterol content. Then, we extended our approach in vivo, engineering S. cerevisiae with the aim of changing the ergosterol content of cells. We focused on ECM22, an important transcription factor, involved in the regulation of ergosterol biosynthesis. The overexpression of ECM22 was sufficient to increase ergosterol levels in S. cerevisiae, resulting in an enhanced tolerance toward lactic acid stress. In this work we propose an in vitro approach, using synthetic lipid vesicles, as a complementary method to be used when studying the impact of the plasma membrane lipid composition on the diffusion of organic acids.

Ferraz, L., Vorauer-Uhl, K., Sauer, M., Sousa, M., Branduardi, P. (2023). Impact of ergosterol content on acetic and lactic acids toxicity to Saccharomyces cerevisiae. YEAST, 40(3-4), 152-165 [10.1002/yea.3828].

Impact of ergosterol content on acetic and lactic acids toxicity to Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Branduardi P.
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Organic acid stress often represents a major hurdle in industrial bio-based microbial processes. Organic acids can be released from lignocellulosic feedstocks pretreatment and can also be desirable products obtained by microbial fermentation with applications in different industrial sectors. Yeasts are prominent cell factories. However, the presence of organic acids can compromise yeast metabolism, impairing fermentation performances and limiting the economic feasibility of the processes. Plasma membrane remodeling is deeply involved in yeast tolerance to organic acids, but the detailed mechanisms and potentials of this phenomenon remain largely to be studied and exploited. We investigated the impact of ergosterol on Saccharomyces cerevisiae tolerance against organic acid stress by coupling in vitro and in vivo assays. In the in vitro assay, synthetic lipid vesicles were prepared containing different concentrations of ergosterol. We observed changes in organic acids diffusion through the membrane as a function of ergosterol content. Then, we extended our approach in vivo, engineering S. cerevisiae with the aim of changing the ergosterol content of cells. We focused on ECM22, an important transcription factor, involved in the regulation of ergosterol biosynthesis. The overexpression of ECM22 was sufficient to increase ergosterol levels in S. cerevisiae, resulting in an enhanced tolerance toward lactic acid stress. In this work we propose an in vitro approach, using synthetic lipid vesicles, as a complementary method to be used when studying the impact of the plasma membrane lipid composition on the diffusion of organic acids.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
ergosterol; organic acids; plasma membrane; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; synthetic lipid vesicles; tolerance;
English
15-nov-2022
2023
40
3-4
152
165
none
Ferraz, L., Vorauer-Uhl, K., Sauer, M., Sousa, M., Branduardi, P. (2023). Impact of ergosterol content on acetic and lactic acids toxicity to Saccharomyces cerevisiae. YEAST, 40(3-4), 152-165 [10.1002/yea.3828].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/405016
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