Background: Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) and their derivative cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) have been successfully used to study the electrical phenotype of cardiac ion channel diseases. However, strategies to mature CMs and more comprehensive systems recapitulating the heart complexity are required to advance our ability to capture adult phenotypes. Methods: We differentiated wild-type (WT) and long QT syndrome type 1 (LQT1) hiPSCs into CMs, endothelial cells and cardiac fibroblasts. The three cell types were combined to form three-dimensional (3D) spheroids, termed “cardiac microtissues” (cMTs) and the electrophysiological properties were measured using 96-well multi-electrode arrays. Results: LQT1 cMTs displayed prolonged field potential duration compared to WT controls, thus recapitulating the typical feature of LQTS. Isoprenaline caused a positive chronotropic effect on both LQT1 and WT cMTs. The 96-well multi-electrode array format proved suitable to detect electrical changes directly in the 3D tissues. Conclusions: 3D hiPSC cMTs are a scalable tool that can be used to identify LQT electrical hallmarks and drug responses. We anticipate this tool can be adopted by pharmaceutical companies to screen cardio-active compounds.

Giacomelli, E., Sala, L., Oostwaard, D., Bellin, M. (2021). Cardiac microtissues from human pluripotent stem cells recapitulate the phenotype of long-QT syndrome. BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, 572, 118-124 [10.1016/j.bbrc.2021.07.068].

Cardiac microtissues from human pluripotent stem cells recapitulate the phenotype of long-QT syndrome

Sala, Luca
Co-primo
;
2021

Abstract

Background: Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) and their derivative cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) have been successfully used to study the electrical phenotype of cardiac ion channel diseases. However, strategies to mature CMs and more comprehensive systems recapitulating the heart complexity are required to advance our ability to capture adult phenotypes. Methods: We differentiated wild-type (WT) and long QT syndrome type 1 (LQT1) hiPSCs into CMs, endothelial cells and cardiac fibroblasts. The three cell types were combined to form three-dimensional (3D) spheroids, termed “cardiac microtissues” (cMTs) and the electrophysiological properties were measured using 96-well multi-electrode arrays. Results: LQT1 cMTs displayed prolonged field potential duration compared to WT controls, thus recapitulating the typical feature of LQTS. Isoprenaline caused a positive chronotropic effect on both LQT1 and WT cMTs. The 96-well multi-electrode array format proved suitable to detect electrical changes directly in the 3D tissues. Conclusions: 3D hiPSC cMTs are a scalable tool that can be used to identify LQT electrical hallmarks and drug responses. We anticipate this tool can be adopted by pharmaceutical companies to screen cardio-active compounds.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Cardiac microtissue; Drug screening; Human pluripotent stem cell cardiomyocyte; Long-QT syndrome; Multi-electrode array;
English
2021
572
118
124
none
Giacomelli, E., Sala, L., Oostwaard, D., Bellin, M. (2021). Cardiac microtissues from human pluripotent stem cells recapitulate the phenotype of long-QT syndrome. BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, 572, 118-124 [10.1016/j.bbrc.2021.07.068].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/404120
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