Orogens and volcanic arcs at continental plate margins are primary surface expressions of convergent plate tectonics. Although it is established that climate affects the shape, size, and architecture of orogens via orographic erosion gradients, the ascent of magma through the crust and location of volcanoes along magmatic arcs have been considered insensitive to erosion. However, available data reveal westward migration of late-Cenozoic volcanic activity in the Southern Andes and Cascade Range where orography drives an eastward migration of the topographic water divide by increased precipitation and erosion along west-facing slopes. Thermomechanical numerical modeling shows that orographic erosion and the associated leeward topographic migration may entail asymmetric crustal structures that drive the magma ascent toward the region of enhanced erosion. Despite the different tectonic histories of the Southern Andes and the Cascade Range, orographic erosion is a shared causal mechanism that can explain the late-Cenozoic westward migration of the volcanic front along both magmatic arcs.

Paiva Muller, V., Sternai, P., Sue, C., Simon-Labric, T., Valla, P. (2022). Climatic control on the location of continental volcanic arcs. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 12(1) [10.1038/s41598-022-26158-2].

Climatic control on the location of continental volcanic arcs

Paiva Muller, Veleda Astarte
Primo
;
Sternai, Pietro;
2022

Abstract

Orogens and volcanic arcs at continental plate margins are primary surface expressions of convergent plate tectonics. Although it is established that climate affects the shape, size, and architecture of orogens via orographic erosion gradients, the ascent of magma through the crust and location of volcanoes along magmatic arcs have been considered insensitive to erosion. However, available data reveal westward migration of late-Cenozoic volcanic activity in the Southern Andes and Cascade Range where orography drives an eastward migration of the topographic water divide by increased precipitation and erosion along west-facing slopes. Thermomechanical numerical modeling shows that orographic erosion and the associated leeward topographic migration may entail asymmetric crustal structures that drive the magma ascent toward the region of enhanced erosion. Despite the different tectonic histories of the Southern Andes and the Cascade Range, orographic erosion is a shared causal mechanism that can explain the late-Cenozoic westward migration of the volcanic front along both magmatic arcs.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Volcanic arc
English
22-dic-2022
2022
12
1
22167
open
Paiva Muller, V., Sternai, P., Sue, C., Simon-Labric, T., Valla, P. (2022). Climatic control on the location of continental volcanic arcs. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 12(1) [10.1038/s41598-022-26158-2].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/402255
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