Approved in 2006, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines were initially targeted for girls aged 9–14 years. Although the safety of these vaccines has been monitored through post-licensure surveillance programmes, cases of neurological events have been reported worldwide. The present study aimed to assess the risk of developing demyelination after HPV immunization by meta-analysing risk estimates from pharmacoepidemiologic studies. A systematic review was conducted in Medline, Embase, ISI Web of Science and the Cochrane Library from inception to 10 May 2017, without language restriction. Only observational studies including a control group were retained. Study selection was performed by two independent reviewers with disagreements solved through discussion. This meta-analysis was performed using a generic inverse variance random-effect model. Outcomes of interest included a broad category of central demyelination, multiple sclerosis (MS), optic neuritis (ON), and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), each being considered independently. Heterogeneity was investigated; sensitivity and subgroup analyses were performed when necessary. In parallel, post-licensure safety studies were considered for a qualitative review. This study followed the PRISMA statement and the MOOSE reporting guideline. Of the 2,863 references identified, 11 articles were selected for meta-analysis. No significant association emerged between HPV vaccination and central demyelination, the pooled odds ratio being 0.96 [95% CI 0.77–1.20], with a moderate but non-significant heterogeneity (I2 = 29%). Similar results were found for MS and ON. Sensitivity analyses did not alter our conclusions. Findings from qualitative review of 14 safety studies concluded in an absence of a relevant signal. Owing to limited data on GBS, no meta-analysis was performed for this outcome. This study strongly supports the absence of association between HPV vaccines and central demyelination.

Mouchet, J., Salvo, F., Raschi, E., Poluzzi, E., Antonazzo, I., De Ponti, F., et al. (2018). Human papillomavirus vaccine and demyelinating diseases—A systematic review and meta-analysis. PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 132, 108-118 [10.1016/j.phrs.2018.04.007].

Human papillomavirus vaccine and demyelinating diseases—A systematic review and meta-analysis

Antonazzo I. C.;
2018

Abstract

Approved in 2006, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines were initially targeted for girls aged 9–14 years. Although the safety of these vaccines has been monitored through post-licensure surveillance programmes, cases of neurological events have been reported worldwide. The present study aimed to assess the risk of developing demyelination after HPV immunization by meta-analysing risk estimates from pharmacoepidemiologic studies. A systematic review was conducted in Medline, Embase, ISI Web of Science and the Cochrane Library from inception to 10 May 2017, without language restriction. Only observational studies including a control group were retained. Study selection was performed by two independent reviewers with disagreements solved through discussion. This meta-analysis was performed using a generic inverse variance random-effect model. Outcomes of interest included a broad category of central demyelination, multiple sclerosis (MS), optic neuritis (ON), and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), each being considered independently. Heterogeneity was investigated; sensitivity and subgroup analyses were performed when necessary. In parallel, post-licensure safety studies were considered for a qualitative review. This study followed the PRISMA statement and the MOOSE reporting guideline. Of the 2,863 references identified, 11 articles were selected for meta-analysis. No significant association emerged between HPV vaccination and central demyelination, the pooled odds ratio being 0.96 [95% CI 0.77–1.20], with a moderate but non-significant heterogeneity (I2 = 29%). Similar results were found for MS and ON. Sensitivity analyses did not alter our conclusions. Findings from qualitative review of 14 safety studies concluded in an absence of a relevant signal. Owing to limited data on GBS, no meta-analysis was performed for this outcome. This study strongly supports the absence of association between HPV vaccines and central demyelination.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Demyelination; HPV; Human papillomavirus vaccine; Multiple sclerosis; Risk;
English
2018
132
108
118
none
Mouchet, J., Salvo, F., Raschi, E., Poluzzi, E., Antonazzo, I., De Ponti, F., et al. (2018). Human papillomavirus vaccine and demyelinating diseases—A systematic review and meta-analysis. PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH, 132, 108-118 [10.1016/j.phrs.2018.04.007].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/400972
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