Objectives: Facial emotion recognition is a key component of human interactions, and in clinical relationships contributes to building and maintaining the therapeutic alliance with patients. The introduction of facemasks has reduced the availability of facial information in private and professional relationships. This study aimed to assess the impact of facemasks on clinicians' perception of clinical interactions as well as their ability to read facial expressions. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a purposive sample of 342 clinical psychologists or psychotherapists completed an online survey including the assessment of burnout, alexithymia, emotion dysregulation, and self-perceived ability to build effective relationships and communication with patients with/without facemasks. Participants were randomly assigned to the standardized facial emotion recognition task Diagnostic Analysis of Nonverbal Accuracy FACES 2-Adult Faces including 24 faces representing anger, fear, sadness, and happiness. Results: Facemasks impaired the self-perceived ability of clinicians to build effective relationships and communicate with patients and reduced satisfaction in clinical encounters. The ability of clinicians to recognize facial emotions is significantly reduced for masked happy and angry faces, but not for sad and afraid ones. The perceived difficulty in building good relationships and communication with patients had a positive correlation with alexithymia and emotion dysregulation; higher levels of discomfort when wearing facemasks had a positive correlation with burnout and emotion dysregulation. Conclusion: Facemasks reduced clinicians' self-confidence in clinical encounters with patients wearing facemasks, but their facial emotion recognition performance was only partially impaired.

Bani, M., Ardenghi, S., Rampoldi, G., Russo, S., Strepparava, M. (2023). Impact of facemasks on psychotherapy: Clinician's confidence and emotion recognition. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 79(4 (April 2023)), 1178-1191 [10.1002/jclp.23468].

Impact of facemasks on psychotherapy: Clinician's confidence and emotion recognition

Bani M.
Primo
;
Ardenghi S.
Secondo
;
Rampoldi G.;Russo S.;Strepparava M. G.
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

Objectives: Facial emotion recognition is a key component of human interactions, and in clinical relationships contributes to building and maintaining the therapeutic alliance with patients. The introduction of facemasks has reduced the availability of facial information in private and professional relationships. This study aimed to assess the impact of facemasks on clinicians' perception of clinical interactions as well as their ability to read facial expressions. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a purposive sample of 342 clinical psychologists or psychotherapists completed an online survey including the assessment of burnout, alexithymia, emotion dysregulation, and self-perceived ability to build effective relationships and communication with patients with/without facemasks. Participants were randomly assigned to the standardized facial emotion recognition task Diagnostic Analysis of Nonverbal Accuracy FACES 2-Adult Faces including 24 faces representing anger, fear, sadness, and happiness. Results: Facemasks impaired the self-perceived ability of clinicians to build effective relationships and communicate with patients and reduced satisfaction in clinical encounters. The ability of clinicians to recognize facial emotions is significantly reduced for masked happy and angry faces, but not for sad and afraid ones. The perceived difficulty in building good relationships and communication with patients had a positive correlation with alexithymia and emotion dysregulation; higher levels of discomfort when wearing facemasks had a positive correlation with burnout and emotion dysregulation. Conclusion: Facemasks reduced clinicians' self-confidence in clinical encounters with patients wearing facemasks, but their facial emotion recognition performance was only partially impaired.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
clinical encounters; clinical psychologists; DANVA-AF; emotion recognition; facemasks;
English
2-dic-2022
2023
79
4 (April 2023)
1178
1191
reserved
Bani, M., Ardenghi, S., Rampoldi, G., Russo, S., Strepparava, M. (2023). Impact of facemasks on psychotherapy: Clinician's confidence and emotion recognition. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 79(4 (April 2023)), 1178-1191 [10.1002/jclp.23468].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/400004
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