There is insufficient research on rating psychological well-being and distress in clinical populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differential characteristics of instruments assessing well-being and distress in 20 remitted patients with affective (mood and anxiety) disorders and 20 healthy control subjects matched for sociodemographical variables. Remitted patients displayed significantly higher levels of psychological distress - as measured by Paykel's Clinical Interview for Depression (CID), Van Pragg's Scale for Personality Disturbances and Kellner's Symptom Questionnaire (SQ) - and significantly less well-being - as measured by Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB) and the SQ - than control subjects. The correlations between scales of psychological distress and well-being were found to be complex in both patients and controls. Psychotherapeutic treatment of residual symptomatology in patients disclosed a differential sensitivity of the scales to change. The results thus suggest that well-being cannot be equated to lack of distress (as implicitly endorsed by current psychiatric paradigms), and the need for a multidimensional assessment in stress medicine

Rafanelli, C., Park, S., Ruini, C., Ottolini, F., Cazzaro, M., Fava, G. (2000). Rating well-being and distress. STRESS MEDICINE, 16(1), 55-61 [10.1002/(SICI)1099-1700(200001)16:1<55::AID-SMI832>3.0.CO;2-M].

Rating well-being and distress

CAZZARO, MANUELA;
2000

Abstract

There is insufficient research on rating psychological well-being and distress in clinical populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differential characteristics of instruments assessing well-being and distress in 20 remitted patients with affective (mood and anxiety) disorders and 20 healthy control subjects matched for sociodemographical variables. Remitted patients displayed significantly higher levels of psychological distress - as measured by Paykel's Clinical Interview for Depression (CID), Van Pragg's Scale for Personality Disturbances and Kellner's Symptom Questionnaire (SQ) - and significantly less well-being - as measured by Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being (PWB) and the SQ - than control subjects. The correlations between scales of psychological distress and well-being were found to be complex in both patients and controls. Psychotherapeutic treatment of residual symptomatology in patients disclosed a differential sensitivity of the scales to change. The results thus suggest that well-being cannot be equated to lack of distress (as implicitly endorsed by current psychiatric paradigms), and the need for a multidimensional assessment in stress medicine
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
psychological well-being; depression; anxiety disorders; panic disorder; phobic disorders; quality of life; rating scales; residual symptoms; permutation test
English
55
61
7
Rafanelli, C., Park, S., Ruini, C., Ottolini, F., Cazzaro, M., Fava, G. (2000). Rating well-being and distress. STRESS MEDICINE, 16(1), 55-61 [10.1002/(SICI)1099-1700(200001)16:1<55::AID-SMI832>3.0.CO;2-M].
Rafanelli, C; Park, S; Ruini, C; Ottolini, F; Cazzaro, M; Fava, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/3997
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