We used a large-scale data-driven approach to investigate the role of word form in accessing semantics. By using distributional semantic methods and taking advantage of an ERP lexical decision mega-study, we investigated the exact time dynamic of semantic ac-cess from printed words as driven by orthography-semantics consistency (OSC) and phonology-semantics consistency (PSC). Generalized Additive Models revealed very early and late OSC-by-PSC interactions, visible at 100 and 400 msec, respectively. This pattern suggests that, during visual word recognition: a) meaning is accessed by means of two distinct and interactive paths -the orthography-to-meaning and the orthography-to -phonology-to-meaning path-, which mutually contribute to recognition since early stages; b) the system may exploit a dual mechanism for semantic access, with early and late effects associated to a fast-coarse and a slow-fine grained semantic analysis, respec-tively. The results also highlight the high sensitivity of the visual word recognition system to arbitrary form-meaning relations.(c) 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Sulpizio, S., Arcara, G., Lago, S., Marelli, M., Amenta, S. (2022). Very early and late form-to-meaning computations during visual word recognition as revealed by electrophysiology. CORTEX, 157(December 2022), 167-193 [10.1016/j.cortex.2022.07.016].

Very early and late form-to-meaning computations during visual word recognition as revealed by electrophysiology

Sulpizio, Simone;Marelli, Marco;Amenta, Simona
2022

Abstract

We used a large-scale data-driven approach to investigate the role of word form in accessing semantics. By using distributional semantic methods and taking advantage of an ERP lexical decision mega-study, we investigated the exact time dynamic of semantic ac-cess from printed words as driven by orthography-semantics consistency (OSC) and phonology-semantics consistency (PSC). Generalized Additive Models revealed very early and late OSC-by-PSC interactions, visible at 100 and 400 msec, respectively. This pattern suggests that, during visual word recognition: a) meaning is accessed by means of two distinct and interactive paths -the orthography-to-meaning and the orthography-to -phonology-to-meaning path-, which mutually contribute to recognition since early stages; b) the system may exploit a dual mechanism for semantic access, with early and late effects associated to a fast-coarse and a slow-fine grained semantic analysis, respec-tively. The results also highlight the high sensitivity of the visual word recognition system to arbitrary form-meaning relations.(c) 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
EEG; Form-meaning relation; Orthography-semantics consistency; Phonology-semantics consistency; Visual word recognition;
English
4-ott-2022
2022
157
December 2022
167
193
open
Sulpizio, S., Arcara, G., Lago, S., Marelli, M., Amenta, S. (2022). Very early and late form-to-meaning computations during visual word recognition as revealed by electrophysiology. CORTEX, 157(December 2022), 167-193 [10.1016/j.cortex.2022.07.016].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/399656
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