Objectives: Patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome may require veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-V ECMO) support. For patients in peripheral hospitals, retrieval by mobile ECMO teams and transport to high-volume centers is associated with improved outcomes, including the recent COVID-19 pandemic. To enable a safe transport of patients, a specialised ECMO-retrieval program needs to be implemented. However, there is insufficient evidence on how to safely and efficiently perform ECMO retrievals. We report single-centre data from out-of-centre initiations of VV-ECMO before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Design & setting: Single-centre retrospective study. We include all the retrievals performed by our ECMO centre between January 1st, 2014, and April 30th, 2021. Results: One hundred ECMO missions were performed in the study period, for a median retrieval volume of 13 (IQR: 9–16) missions per year. the cause of the acute respiratory distress syndrome was COVID-19 in 10 patients (10 %). 98 (98 %) patients were retrieved and transported to our ECMO centre. To allow safe transport, 91 of them were cannulated on-site and transported on V-V ECMO. The remaining seven patients were centralised without ECMO, but they were all connected to V-V ECMO in the first 24 hours. No complications occurred during patient transport. The median duration of the ECMO mission was 7 hours (IQR: 6–9, range: 2 – 17). Median duration of ECMO support was 14 days (IQR: 9–24), whereas the ICU stay was 24 days (IQR:18–44). Overall, 73 patients were alive at hospital discharge (74 %). Survival rate was similar in non-COVID-19 and COVID-19 group (73 % vs 80 %, p = 0.549). Conclusion: In this single-centre experience, before and during COVID-19 era, retrieval and ground transportation of ECMO patients was feasible and was not associated with complications. Key factors of an ECMO retrieval program include a careful selection of the transport ambulance, training of a dedicated ECMO mobile team and preparation of specific checklists and standard operating procedures.

Lucchini, A., Gariboldi, R., Villa, M., Cannizzo, L., Pegoraro, F., Fumagalli, L., et al. (2023). One hundred ECMO retrivals before and during the Covid-19 pandemic: an observational study. INTENSIVE & CRITICAL CARE NURSING, 75(April 2023) [10.1016/j.iccn.2022.103350].

One hundred ECMO retrivals before and during the Covid-19 pandemic: an observational study

Lucchini, Alberto
;
Fumagalli, Letizia;Foti, Giuseppe;Giani, Marco
2023

Abstract

Objectives: Patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome may require veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (V-V ECMO) support. For patients in peripheral hospitals, retrieval by mobile ECMO teams and transport to high-volume centers is associated with improved outcomes, including the recent COVID-19 pandemic. To enable a safe transport of patients, a specialised ECMO-retrieval program needs to be implemented. However, there is insufficient evidence on how to safely and efficiently perform ECMO retrievals. We report single-centre data from out-of-centre initiations of VV-ECMO before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Design & setting: Single-centre retrospective study. We include all the retrievals performed by our ECMO centre between January 1st, 2014, and April 30th, 2021. Results: One hundred ECMO missions were performed in the study period, for a median retrieval volume of 13 (IQR: 9–16) missions per year. the cause of the acute respiratory distress syndrome was COVID-19 in 10 patients (10 %). 98 (98 %) patients were retrieved and transported to our ECMO centre. To allow safe transport, 91 of them were cannulated on-site and transported on V-V ECMO. The remaining seven patients were centralised without ECMO, but they were all connected to V-V ECMO in the first 24 hours. No complications occurred during patient transport. The median duration of the ECMO mission was 7 hours (IQR: 6–9, range: 2 – 17). Median duration of ECMO support was 14 days (IQR: 9–24), whereas the ICU stay was 24 days (IQR:18–44). Overall, 73 patients were alive at hospital discharge (74 %). Survival rate was similar in non-COVID-19 and COVID-19 group (73 % vs 80 %, p = 0.549). Conclusion: In this single-centre experience, before and during COVID-19 era, retrieval and ground transportation of ECMO patients was feasible and was not associated with complications. Key factors of an ECMO retrieval program include a careful selection of the transport ambulance, training of a dedicated ECMO mobile team and preparation of specific checklists and standard operating procedures.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
COVID-19; ECMO; ECMO retrieval; Mobile ECMO team; Transport;
English
10-nov-2022
2023
75
April 2023
103350
none
Lucchini, A., Gariboldi, R., Villa, M., Cannizzo, L., Pegoraro, F., Fumagalli, L., et al. (2023). One hundred ECMO retrivals before and during the Covid-19 pandemic: an observational study. INTENSIVE & CRITICAL CARE NURSING, 75(April 2023) [10.1016/j.iccn.2022.103350].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/398771
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