Aim: To evaluate outcome of intraoperative electron boost (IOERT) and hypofractionated whole breast irradiation (HWBI) for breast cancer (BC) in young women. Methods and Materials: Women aged ≤ 48 with pT1-2 N0-1 BC received 12 Gy IOERT boost during conservative surgery followed by 3-dimensional conformal HWBI in 13 fractions (2.85 Gy/die). Local relapses (LR) and survival (disease-free, DFS; specific, BCSS; overall, OS) were analyzed. Results: 481 consecutive BC patients, mostly node negative, with median age of 42 were treated between 2004 and 2014. Median tumor size was 1.48 cm and median IOERT collimator was 4 cm. After 25-day mean interval, HWBI was delivered. At a median follow-up of 9.6 years, there were 23 LRs (4.8 %, 9 of which were in the boost region). Ten-year LR cumulative incidence was 4.1 % (95 %CI, 2.5–6.3). Over time, local control rate decreased for Luminal A and HER2 positive with negative hormonal receptors, while remained steady for triple negative. At multivariate analysis, LR predictors included age < 40, extensive intraductal component and the use of 4-cm IOERT collimator size. Ten-year survival outcomes were as follows: DFS 80.0 % (95 % CI, 75.8–83.5), BCSS 97.5 % (95 % CI, 95.5–98.6 %), OS 96.5 % (95 % CI, 94.3–97.9). Luminal B HER2 negative had the worse survival outcomes. Perioperative complications were uncommon (16.4 %), acute toxicity was mild (<2% Grade 3), but moderate/severe fibrosis was described in 40.8 % of the cases. Cosmesis was scored as excellent/good in 86 % of the cases. Conclusions: ELIOT boost and HWBI achieved an excellent local control at the cost of tumor bed fibrosis. IOERT boost dose lower than 12 Gy is advisable.

Leonardi, M., Cormio, C., Frassoni, S., Dicuonzo, S., Fodor, C., Intra, M., et al. (2022). Ten-year results of hypofractionated whole breast radiotherapy and intraoperative electron boost in premenopausal women. RADIOTHERAPY AND ONCOLOGY, 177(December 2022), 71-80 [10.1016/j.radonc.2022.10.025].

Ten-year results of hypofractionated whole breast radiotherapy and intraoperative electron boost in premenopausal women

Frassoni S.;Bagnardi V.;
2022

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate outcome of intraoperative electron boost (IOERT) and hypofractionated whole breast irradiation (HWBI) for breast cancer (BC) in young women. Methods and Materials: Women aged ≤ 48 with pT1-2 N0-1 BC received 12 Gy IOERT boost during conservative surgery followed by 3-dimensional conformal HWBI in 13 fractions (2.85 Gy/die). Local relapses (LR) and survival (disease-free, DFS; specific, BCSS; overall, OS) were analyzed. Results: 481 consecutive BC patients, mostly node negative, with median age of 42 were treated between 2004 and 2014. Median tumor size was 1.48 cm and median IOERT collimator was 4 cm. After 25-day mean interval, HWBI was delivered. At a median follow-up of 9.6 years, there were 23 LRs (4.8 %, 9 of which were in the boost region). Ten-year LR cumulative incidence was 4.1 % (95 %CI, 2.5–6.3). Over time, local control rate decreased for Luminal A and HER2 positive with negative hormonal receptors, while remained steady for triple negative. At multivariate analysis, LR predictors included age < 40, extensive intraductal component and the use of 4-cm IOERT collimator size. Ten-year survival outcomes were as follows: DFS 80.0 % (95 % CI, 75.8–83.5), BCSS 97.5 % (95 % CI, 95.5–98.6 %), OS 96.5 % (95 % CI, 94.3–97.9). Luminal B HER2 negative had the worse survival outcomes. Perioperative complications were uncommon (16.4 %), acute toxicity was mild (<2% Grade 3), but moderate/severe fibrosis was described in 40.8 % of the cases. Cosmesis was scored as excellent/good in 86 % of the cases. Conclusions: ELIOT boost and HWBI achieved an excellent local control at the cost of tumor bed fibrosis. IOERT boost dose lower than 12 Gy is advisable.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Boost; Breast cancer; Intraoperative electron radiotherapy; Outcome;
English
28-ott-2022
2022
177
December 2022
71
80
none
Leonardi, M., Cormio, C., Frassoni, S., Dicuonzo, S., Fodor, C., Intra, M., et al. (2022). Ten-year results of hypofractionated whole breast radiotherapy and intraoperative electron boost in premenopausal women. RADIOTHERAPY AND ONCOLOGY, 177(December 2022), 71-80 [10.1016/j.radonc.2022.10.025].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/398264
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