Stable kinetochore-microtubule attachment is essential for cell division. It requires recruitment of outer kinetochore microtubule binders by centromere proteins C and T (CENP-C and CENP-T). To study the molecular requirements of kinetochore formation, we reconstituted the binding of the MIS12 and NDC80 outer kinetochore subcomplexes to CENP-C and CENP-T. Whereas CENP-C recruits a single MIS12:NDC80 complex, we show here that CENP-T binds one MIS12:NDC80 and two NDC80 complexes upon phosphorylation by the mitotic CDK1:Cyclin B complex at three distinct CENP-T sites. Visualization of reconstituted complexes by electron microscopy supports this model. Binding of CENP-C and CENP-T to MIS12 is competitive, and therefore CENP-C and CENP-T act in parallel to recruit two MIS12 and up to four NDC80 complexes. Our observations provide a molecular explanation for the stoichiometry of kinetochore components and its cell cycle regulation, and highlight how outer kinetochore modules bridge distances of well over 100 nm.

Huis In 't Veld, P., Jeganathan, S., Petrovic, A., Singh, P., John, J., Krenn, V., et al. (2016). Molecular basis of outer kinetochore assembly on CENP-T. ELIFE, 5(DECEMBER2016) [10.7554/eLife.21007].

Molecular basis of outer kinetochore assembly on CENP-T

Krenn, Veronica;
2016

Abstract

Stable kinetochore-microtubule attachment is essential for cell division. It requires recruitment of outer kinetochore microtubule binders by centromere proteins C and T (CENP-C and CENP-T). To study the molecular requirements of kinetochore formation, we reconstituted the binding of the MIS12 and NDC80 outer kinetochore subcomplexes to CENP-C and CENP-T. Whereas CENP-C recruits a single MIS12:NDC80 complex, we show here that CENP-T binds one MIS12:NDC80 and two NDC80 complexes upon phosphorylation by the mitotic CDK1:Cyclin B complex at three distinct CENP-T sites. Visualization of reconstituted complexes by electron microscopy supports this model. Binding of CENP-C and CENP-T to MIS12 is competitive, and therefore CENP-C and CENP-T act in parallel to recruit two MIS12 and up to four NDC80 complexes. Our observations provide a molecular explanation for the stoichiometry of kinetochore components and its cell cycle regulation, and highlight how outer kinetochore modules bridge distances of well over 100 nm.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
biochemistry; biophysics; centromere; human; kinetochore; mitosis; structural biology; CDC2 Protein Kinase; Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone; Cyclin B; Cytoskeletal Proteins; Kinetochores; Macromolecular Substances; Microscopy, Electron; Microtubule-Associated Proteins; Nuclear Proteins; Phosphorylation; Protein Processing, Post-Translational; Protein Multimerization
English
2016
5
DECEMBER2016
e21007
open
Huis In 't Veld, P., Jeganathan, S., Petrovic, A., Singh, P., John, J., Krenn, V., et al. (2016). Molecular basis of outer kinetochore assembly on CENP-T. ELIFE, 5(DECEMBER2016) [10.7554/eLife.21007].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/397674
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