Background & Aims: Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic cholangiopathy characterised by immuno-mediated injury of interlobular bile ducts leading to intrahepatic cholestasis and progressive liver fibrosis. PBC histology is characterised by portal inflammation, progressive fibrosis, ductopenia, and the appearance of the so-called ductular reaction. The aim of the present study was to investigate the pathogenetic relevance of ductular reaction in PBC. Methods: Liver biopsies were collected from naïve people with PBC (N = 87). Clinical–serological parameters were obtained at diagnosis and after 1 year of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) treatment. Histological staging was performed on all slides according to multiple scoring systems and criteria for PBC. Liver samples were obtained from Mdr2−/− mice treated with or without UDCA. Samples were processed for histology, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence. Results: Ductular reaction in people with PBC correlated with the disease stage and liver fibrosis, but not with disease activity; an extensive ductular reaction correlated with serum alkaline phosphatase levels at diagnosis, response to UDCA, and individuals’ estimated survival, independently from other histological parameters, including disease stage. In people with PBC, reactive ductules were associated with the establishment of junctions with bile canaliculi and with fibrogenetic cell activation. Consistently, in a mouse model of intrahepatic cholestasis, UDCA treatment was effective in reducing ductular reaction and fibrosis and increasing ductular–canalicular junctions. Conclusions: Extensive ductular reaction outlines a severe histologic phenotype in PBC and is associated with an inadequate therapy response and a worse estimated prognosis. Lay summary: In people affected by primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), the histological appearance of extensive ductular reaction identifies individuals at risk of progressive fibrosis. Ductular reaction at diagnosis correlates with the lack of response to first-line therapy with ursodeoxycholic acid and serves to restore ductular–canalicular junctions in people with PBC. Assessing ductular reaction extension at diagnosis may add valuable information for clinicians.

Overi, D., Carpino, G., Cristoferi, L., Onori, P., Kennedy, L., Francis, H., et al. (2022). Role of ductular reaction and ductular–canalicular junctions in identifying severe primary biliary cholangitis. JHEP REPORTS, 4(11 (November 2022)) [10.1016/j.jhepr.2022.100556].

Role of ductular reaction and ductular–canalicular junctions in identifying severe primary biliary cholangitis

Cristoferi L.;Rigamonti C.;D'Amato D.;Gerussi A.;Invernizzi P.;Carbone M.
2022

Abstract

Background & Aims: Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic cholangiopathy characterised by immuno-mediated injury of interlobular bile ducts leading to intrahepatic cholestasis and progressive liver fibrosis. PBC histology is characterised by portal inflammation, progressive fibrosis, ductopenia, and the appearance of the so-called ductular reaction. The aim of the present study was to investigate the pathogenetic relevance of ductular reaction in PBC. Methods: Liver biopsies were collected from naïve people with PBC (N = 87). Clinical–serological parameters were obtained at diagnosis and after 1 year of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) treatment. Histological staging was performed on all slides according to multiple scoring systems and criteria for PBC. Liver samples were obtained from Mdr2−/− mice treated with or without UDCA. Samples were processed for histology, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence. Results: Ductular reaction in people with PBC correlated with the disease stage and liver fibrosis, but not with disease activity; an extensive ductular reaction correlated with serum alkaline phosphatase levels at diagnosis, response to UDCA, and individuals’ estimated survival, independently from other histological parameters, including disease stage. In people with PBC, reactive ductules were associated with the establishment of junctions with bile canaliculi and with fibrogenetic cell activation. Consistently, in a mouse model of intrahepatic cholestasis, UDCA treatment was effective in reducing ductular reaction and fibrosis and increasing ductular–canalicular junctions. Conclusions: Extensive ductular reaction outlines a severe histologic phenotype in PBC and is associated with an inadequate therapy response and a worse estimated prognosis. Lay summary: In people affected by primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), the histological appearance of extensive ductular reaction identifies individuals at risk of progressive fibrosis. Ductular reaction at diagnosis correlates with the lack of response to first-line therapy with ursodeoxycholic acid and serves to restore ductular–canalicular junctions in people with PBC. Assessing ductular reaction extension at diagnosis may add valuable information for clinicians.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Cholangiopathy; Cholestasis; Histology; Liver biopsy; Regeneration; Ursodeoxycholic acid;
English
19-ago-2022
2022
4
11 (November 2022)
100556
none
Overi, D., Carpino, G., Cristoferi, L., Onori, P., Kennedy, L., Francis, H., et al. (2022). Role of ductular reaction and ductular–canalicular junctions in identifying severe primary biliary cholangitis. JHEP REPORTS, 4(11 (November 2022)) [10.1016/j.jhepr.2022.100556].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/395917
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