The Deep Learning (DL) paradigm gained remarkable popularity in recent years. DL models are used to tackle increasingly complex problems, making the training process require considerable computational power. The parallel computing capabilities offered by modern GPUs partially fulfill this need, but the high costs related to GPU as a Service solutions in the cloud call for efficient capacity planning and job scheduling algorithms to reduce operational costs via resource sharing. In this work, we jointly address the online capacity planning and job scheduling problems from the perspective of cloud end-users. We present a Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP) formulation, and a path relinking-based method aiming at optimizing operational costs by (i) rightsizing Virtual Machine (VM) capacity at each node, (ii) partitioning the set of GPUs among multiple concurrent jobs on the same VM, and (iii) determining a due-date-aware job schedule. An extensive experimental campaign attests the effectiveness of the proposed approach in practical scenarios: costs savings up to 97% are attained compared with first-principle methods based on, e.g., Earliest Deadline First, cost reductions up to 20% are obtained with respect to a previously proposed Hierarchical Method and up to 95% against a dynamic programming-based method from the literature. Scalability analyses show that systems with up to 100 nodes and 450 concurrent jobs can be managed in less than 7 seconds. The validation in a prototype cloud environment shows a deviation below 5% between real and predicted costs.

Filippini, F., Lattuada, M., Ciavotta, M., Jahani, A., Ardagna, D., Amaldi, E. (2022). A Path Relinking Method for the Joint Online Scheduling and Capacity Allocation of DL Training Workloads in GPU as a Service Systems. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SERVICES COMPUTING, 1-16 [10.1109/TSC.2022.3188440].

A Path Relinking Method for the Joint Online Scheduling and Capacity Allocation of DL Training Workloads in GPU as a Service Systems

Ciavotta M.;
2022

Abstract

The Deep Learning (DL) paradigm gained remarkable popularity in recent years. DL models are used to tackle increasingly complex problems, making the training process require considerable computational power. The parallel computing capabilities offered by modern GPUs partially fulfill this need, but the high costs related to GPU as a Service solutions in the cloud call for efficient capacity planning and job scheduling algorithms to reduce operational costs via resource sharing. In this work, we jointly address the online capacity planning and job scheduling problems from the perspective of cloud end-users. We present a Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP) formulation, and a path relinking-based method aiming at optimizing operational costs by (i) rightsizing Virtual Machine (VM) capacity at each node, (ii) partitioning the set of GPUs among multiple concurrent jobs on the same VM, and (iii) determining a due-date-aware job schedule. An extensive experimental campaign attests the effectiveness of the proposed approach in practical scenarios: costs savings up to 97% are attained compared with first-principle methods based on, e.g., Earliest Deadline First, cost reductions up to 20% are obtained with respect to a previously proposed Hierarchical Method and up to 95% against a dynamic programming-based method from the literature. Scalability analyses show that systems with up to 100 nodes and 450 concurrent jobs can be managed in less than 7 seconds. The validation in a prototype cloud environment shows a deviation below 5% between real and predicted costs.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Capacity allocation; Costs; Deep learning; deep learning training jobs; GPU as a service; Graphics processing units; Predictive models; Resource management; Scheduling; scheduling; Training;
English
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16
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Filippini, F., Lattuada, M., Ciavotta, M., Jahani, A., Ardagna, D., Amaldi, E. (2022). A Path Relinking Method for the Joint Online Scheduling and Capacity Allocation of DL Training Workloads in GPU as a Service Systems. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SERVICES COMPUTING, 1-16 [10.1109/TSC.2022.3188440].
Filippini, F; Lattuada, M; Ciavotta, M; Jahani, A; Ardagna, D; Amaldi, E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/395680
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