Introduction: Body illusions are designed to temporarily alter body representation by embodying fake bodies or part of them. Despite their large use, the embodiment questionnaires have been validated only for the embodiment of fake hands in the rubber hand illusion (RHI). Methods: With the current study, we aimed at (1) extending the validation of embodiment questionnaires to a different illusory situation e.g., the full-body illusion (FBI); (2) comparing two methods to explore the questionnaires structures: a classic exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and a modern exploratory graph analysis (EGA). 118 healthy participants completed an FBI procedure where the subjective experience of embodiment was measured with a standard questionnaire. Results: The EFA results in two-factor structures. However, the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) fit indices do not show a good fit with the data. Conversely, the EGA identified four communities: ownership, agency, co-location and disembodiment; the solution was confirmed by a CFA. Conlcusions: Overall, the EGA seems to be the best fitting method for the present data. Our results confirm the EGA as a suitable substitute for a more classical EFA. Moreover, the emerged structure suggests that the FBI induces similar effects to the RHI, implying that the embodiment sensations are common to different illusory methods.

Tosi, G., Romano, D. (2022). The network of the subjective experience in embodiment phenomena. PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH [10.1007/s00426-022-01714-7].

The network of the subjective experience in embodiment phenomena

Tosi, G
;
Romano, D
2022

Abstract

Introduction: Body illusions are designed to temporarily alter body representation by embodying fake bodies or part of them. Despite their large use, the embodiment questionnaires have been validated only for the embodiment of fake hands in the rubber hand illusion (RHI). Methods: With the current study, we aimed at (1) extending the validation of embodiment questionnaires to a different illusory situation e.g., the full-body illusion (FBI); (2) comparing two methods to explore the questionnaires structures: a classic exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and a modern exploratory graph analysis (EGA). 118 healthy participants completed an FBI procedure where the subjective experience of embodiment was measured with a standard questionnaire. Results: The EFA results in two-factor structures. However, the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) fit indices do not show a good fit with the data. Conversely, the EGA identified four communities: ownership, agency, co-location and disembodiment; the solution was confirmed by a CFA. Conlcusions: Overall, the EGA seems to be the best fitting method for the present data. Our results confirm the EGA as a suitable substitute for a more classical EFA. Moreover, the emerged structure suggests that the FBI induces similar effects to the RHI, implying that the embodiment sensations are common to different illusory methods.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
embodiment, body representation, psychometric, network
English
Tosi, G., Romano, D. (2022). The network of the subjective experience in embodiment phenomena. PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH [10.1007/s00426-022-01714-7].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/395010
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