Background: The present study aimed at (1) assessing the diagnostic properties of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in non-demented ALS patients and at (2) exploring the MoCA administrability according to motor-functional status. Materials: N = 348 patients were administered the MoCA and Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS). Administrability rates and prevalence of defective MoCA scores were compared across King’s and Milano-Torino clinical stages. Regression models were run to test whether the non-administrability of the MoCA and a defective score on it were predicted, net of the ECAS-Total, by disease duration, ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised (ALSFRS-R) and progression rate, computed as (48: ALSFRS-R)/disease duration. Intrinsic and post-test diagnostics were tested against a below-cut-off ECAS-total score. Results: The 79.9% of patients successfully underwent the MoCA, whose administrability rates decreased with advanced clinical stages, at variance with its defective score prevalence. The probability of the FAB not being administrable was predicted only by lower ALSFRS-R-bulbar and-upper-limb scores; no motor features, but the ECAS-Total, predicted a defective MoCA performance. The MoCA showed high accuracy (AUC = 0.82) and good intrinsic and post-test properties—being slightly more specific than sensitive. Discussion: In non-demented ALS patients, the MoCA is featured by optimal diagnostics as a screener for cognitive impairment, especially for ruling-out its occurrence, as long as patients are in the early stages of the disease and have sufficiently spared bulbar and upper-limb functions.

Aiello, E., Solca, F., Torre, S., Carelli, L., Ferrucci, R., Priori, A., et al. (2022). Diagnostics and clinical usability of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 13 [10.3389/fpsyg.2022.1012632].

Diagnostics and clinical usability of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Aiello E. N.;
2022

Abstract

Background: The present study aimed at (1) assessing the diagnostic properties of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in non-demented ALS patients and at (2) exploring the MoCA administrability according to motor-functional status. Materials: N = 348 patients were administered the MoCA and Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS). Administrability rates and prevalence of defective MoCA scores were compared across King’s and Milano-Torino clinical stages. Regression models were run to test whether the non-administrability of the MoCA and a defective score on it were predicted, net of the ECAS-Total, by disease duration, ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised (ALSFRS-R) and progression rate, computed as (48: ALSFRS-R)/disease duration. Intrinsic and post-test diagnostics were tested against a below-cut-off ECAS-total score. Results: The 79.9% of patients successfully underwent the MoCA, whose administrability rates decreased with advanced clinical stages, at variance with its defective score prevalence. The probability of the FAB not being administrable was predicted only by lower ALSFRS-R-bulbar and-upper-limb scores; no motor features, but the ECAS-Total, predicted a defective MoCA performance. The MoCA showed high accuracy (AUC = 0.82) and good intrinsic and post-test properties—being slightly more specific than sensitive. Discussion: In non-demented ALS patients, the MoCA is featured by optimal diagnostics as a screener for cognitive impairment, especially for ruling-out its occurrence, as long as patients are in the early stages of the disease and have sufficiently spared bulbar and upper-limb functions.
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; cognitive screening; diagnostics; Montreal Cognitive Assessment; psychometrics;
English
23-set-2022
2022
13
1012632
none
Aiello, E., Solca, F., Torre, S., Carelli, L., Ferrucci, R., Priori, A., et al. (2022). Diagnostics and clinical usability of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 13 [10.3389/fpsyg.2022.1012632].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/394856
Citazioni
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
Social impact