The most important reef of the Mediterranean is the Coralligène (Coralligenous = C), including several types of calcareous algal-invertebrate build-ups growing in normal open marine conditions. We analyzed and compared two C samples from the Ligurian Sea developed in different environmental settings: 1) off Portofino on a rocky cliff, at a depth of about 40 m and 2) in front of Bogliasco, on a sub-horizontal substrate at a depth of 10 m. The maximum AMS radiocarbon dating provided an older age for Bogliasco (about 5 ka BP) than for Portofino (about 3.6 ka BP), and the mean accumulation rate of the Portofino build-up (about 80 µm y−1) was found to be higher than the one in Bogliasco (about 65 µm y−1). The different sides of each build-up showed a remarkable heterogeneity in the dominant cover by living organisms, and the comparison between the two build-ups highlighted an evident diversity in their taxonomic composition and structure, although crustose coralline algae (CCA) are the dominant framework builder and major autogenic ecosystem engineers at both localities, in the present as in the past millennia. Other major components of the structure are bryozoans and serpulids, and an important role is played by sediment filling. In Bogliasco, extreme climate events and major peaks of fine matrix and terrigenous grains are observed, lithologically related to the drainage basin of the Poggio creek and associated with charophyte occurrence and reduced CCA abundance. The occurrence of the rare Sporolithon ptychoides was observed both in Portofino at about 750 BCE and in Bogliasco. These Sporolithon phases are likely related to warm and humid spells punctuating the Holocene climate fluctuations in the Ligurian Sea. Because coralline algae are confirmed to be the most important habitat engineer of the Mediterranean reefs, they deserve more attention in the framework of any monitoring initiative aimed at C management and conservation.

Basso, D., Bracchi, V., Bazzicalupo, P., Martini, M., Maspero, F., Bavestrello, G. (2022). Living coralligenous as geo-historical structure built by coralline algae. FRONTIERS IN EARTH SCIENCE, 10 [10.3389/feart.2022.961632].

Living coralligenous as geo-historical structure built by coralline algae

Basso D.
Primo
;
Bracchi V. A.
Secondo
;
Bazzicalupo P.;Martini M.;Maspero F.;
2022

Abstract

The most important reef of the Mediterranean is the Coralligène (Coralligenous = C), including several types of calcareous algal-invertebrate build-ups growing in normal open marine conditions. We analyzed and compared two C samples from the Ligurian Sea developed in different environmental settings: 1) off Portofino on a rocky cliff, at a depth of about 40 m and 2) in front of Bogliasco, on a sub-horizontal substrate at a depth of 10 m. The maximum AMS radiocarbon dating provided an older age for Bogliasco (about 5 ka BP) than for Portofino (about 3.6 ka BP), and the mean accumulation rate of the Portofino build-up (about 80 µm y−1) was found to be higher than the one in Bogliasco (about 65 µm y−1). The different sides of each build-up showed a remarkable heterogeneity in the dominant cover by living organisms, and the comparison between the two build-ups highlighted an evident diversity in their taxonomic composition and structure, although crustose coralline algae (CCA) are the dominant framework builder and major autogenic ecosystem engineers at both localities, in the present as in the past millennia. Other major components of the structure are bryozoans and serpulids, and an important role is played by sediment filling. In Bogliasco, extreme climate events and major peaks of fine matrix and terrigenous grains are observed, lithologically related to the drainage basin of the Poggio creek and associated with charophyte occurrence and reduced CCA abundance. The occurrence of the rare Sporolithon ptychoides was observed both in Portofino at about 750 BCE and in Bogliasco. These Sporolithon phases are likely related to warm and humid spells punctuating the Holocene climate fluctuations in the Ligurian Sea. Because coralline algae are confirmed to be the most important habitat engineer of the Mediterranean reefs, they deserve more attention in the framework of any monitoring initiative aimed at C management and conservation.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
algal reef; coralligenous; coralline algae; extreme climate events; Holocene; Ligurian Sea; Sporolithon;
English
2022
10
961632
open
Basso, D., Bracchi, V., Bazzicalupo, P., Martini, M., Maspero, F., Bavestrello, G. (2022). Living coralligenous as geo-historical structure built by coralline algae. FRONTIERS IN EARTH SCIENCE, 10 [10.3389/feart.2022.961632].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/394469
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