There is a growing interest in the estimation of the number of unseen features, mostly driven by biological applications. A recent work brought out a peculiar property of the popular completely random measures (CRMs) as prior models in Bayesian nonparametric (BNP) inference for the unseen-features problem: for fixed prior’s parameters, they all lead to a Poisson posterior distribution for the number of unseen features, which depends on the sampling information only through the sample size. CRMs are thus not a flexible prior model for the unseen-features problem and, while the Poisson posterior distribution may be appealing for analytical tractability and ease of interpretability, its independence from the sampling information makes the BNP approach a questionable oversimplification, with posterior inferences being completely determined by the estimation of unknown prior’s parameters. In this article, we introduce the stable-Beta scaled process (SB-SP) prior, and we show that it allows to enrich the posterior distribution of the number of unseen features arising under CRM priors, while maintaining its analytical tractability and interpretability. That is, the SB-SP prior leads to a negative Binomial posterior distribution, which depends on the sampling information through the sample size and the number of distinct features, with corresponding estimates being simple, linear in the sampling information and computationally efficient. We apply our BNP approach to synthetic data and to real cancer genomic data, showing that: (i) it outperforms the most popular parametric and nonparametric competitors in terms of estimation accuracy; (ii) it provides improved coverage for the estimation with respect to a BNP approach under CRM priors. Supplementary materials for this article are available online.

Camerlenghi, F., Favaro, S., Masoero, L., Broderick, T. (2022). Scaled Process Priors for Bayesian Nonparametric Estimation of the Unseen Genetic Variation. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION, 1-12 [10.1080/01621459.2022.2115918].

Scaled Process Priors for Bayesian Nonparametric Estimation of the Unseen Genetic Variation

Camerlenghi, F;
2022

Abstract

There is a growing interest in the estimation of the number of unseen features, mostly driven by biological applications. A recent work brought out a peculiar property of the popular completely random measures (CRMs) as prior models in Bayesian nonparametric (BNP) inference for the unseen-features problem: for fixed prior’s parameters, they all lead to a Poisson posterior distribution for the number of unseen features, which depends on the sampling information only through the sample size. CRMs are thus not a flexible prior model for the unseen-features problem and, while the Poisson posterior distribution may be appealing for analytical tractability and ease of interpretability, its independence from the sampling information makes the BNP approach a questionable oversimplification, with posterior inferences being completely determined by the estimation of unknown prior’s parameters. In this article, we introduce the stable-Beta scaled process (SB-SP) prior, and we show that it allows to enrich the posterior distribution of the number of unseen features arising under CRM priors, while maintaining its analytical tractability and interpretability. That is, the SB-SP prior leads to a negative Binomial posterior distribution, which depends on the sampling information through the sample size and the number of distinct features, with corresponding estimates being simple, linear in the sampling information and computationally efficient. We apply our BNP approach to synthetic data and to real cancer genomic data, showing that: (i) it outperforms the most popular parametric and nonparametric competitors in terms of estimation accuracy; (ii) it provides improved coverage for the estimation with respect to a BNP approach under CRM priors. Supplementary materials for this article are available online.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Bayesian nonparametrics; Beta process prior; Completely random measure; Genetic variation; Predictive distribution; Scaled process prior; Stable process; Unseen-features problem;
English
29-set-2022
2022
1
12
none
Camerlenghi, F., Favaro, S., Masoero, L., Broderick, T. (2022). Scaled Process Priors for Bayesian Nonparametric Estimation of the Unseen Genetic Variation. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION, 1-12 [10.1080/01621459.2022.2115918].
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/394241
Citazioni
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
Social impact