Sulfur vulcanization is the most used method for curing of natural and synthetic rubbers. The crosslinking degree achieved is usually controlled by adding proper quantities of accelerants, activators, co-activators, retardants, and inhibitors, and influences the hardness, elasticity, hysteresis of elastomers and, consequently, the properties and behavior of the materials that incorporate them. Despite the fine tuning pursued over the years, sulfur crosslinking is still difficult to control both in terms of degree and homogeneity of cross-link. Addition of thermally activable bifunctional reagents able to crosslink the polymer matrix through covalent bonds could be a strategy to modulate and control finely the reticulation grade of elastomers. Tetrazoles can form highly reactive nitrilimines by thermal treatment at appropriate temperature, which can react with the vinyl double bonds present in the rubber. In this work a set of bis-tetrazoles were synthesized and those with the right activation temperatures were used for the curing of styrene-butadiene rubber, acting both as single crosslinkers and together with classic sulfur-based ones. The addition of bistetrazoles simplified and made more efficient the compounding process, allowing to prolong the mixing until optimum dispersion and homogeneity were obtained. Moreover, they led to an improvement in the hysteretic properties of the compound and to the reduction of the non-linearity of the dynamic behavior (Payne effect).

Monti, M., Giannini, L., Tadiello, L., Guerra, S., Papagni, A., Vaghi, L. (2022). Thermally Activable Bistetrazoles for Elastomers Crosslinking. POLYMERS, 14(14) [10.3390/polym14142919].

Thermally Activable Bistetrazoles for Elastomers Crosslinking

Monti, Mauro
Primo
;
Tadiello, Luciano;Papagni, Antonio;Vaghi, Luca
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Sulfur vulcanization is the most used method for curing of natural and synthetic rubbers. The crosslinking degree achieved is usually controlled by adding proper quantities of accelerants, activators, co-activators, retardants, and inhibitors, and influences the hardness, elasticity, hysteresis of elastomers and, consequently, the properties and behavior of the materials that incorporate them. Despite the fine tuning pursued over the years, sulfur crosslinking is still difficult to control both in terms of degree and homogeneity of cross-link. Addition of thermally activable bifunctional reagents able to crosslink the polymer matrix through covalent bonds could be a strategy to modulate and control finely the reticulation grade of elastomers. Tetrazoles can form highly reactive nitrilimines by thermal treatment at appropriate temperature, which can react with the vinyl double bonds present in the rubber. In this work a set of bis-tetrazoles were synthesized and those with the right activation temperatures were used for the curing of styrene-butadiene rubber, acting both as single crosslinkers and together with classic sulfur-based ones. The addition of bistetrazoles simplified and made more efficient the compounding process, allowing to prolong the mixing until optimum dispersion and homogeneity were obtained. Moreover, they led to an improvement in the hysteretic properties of the compound and to the reduction of the non-linearity of the dynamic behavior (Payne effect).
No
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
curing; cycloaddition; elastomers crosslinking; mechanical properties; nitrilimines; styrene-butadiene rubber; tetrazoles;
English
Monti, M., Giannini, L., Tadiello, L., Guerra, S., Papagni, A., Vaghi, L. (2022). Thermally Activable Bistetrazoles for Elastomers Crosslinking. POLYMERS, 14(14) [10.3390/polym14142919].
Monti, M; Giannini, L; Tadiello, L; Guerra, S; Papagni, A; Vaghi, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/392569
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