Objective: Self-isolation is a vital element of efforts to contain COVID-19. We set out to test whether decision aids can support self-isolation. Design: We conducted a pre-registered online experiment with a nationally representative sample (n = 500). Three stages tested: (i) whether decision trees help people to decide whether they need to self-isolate; (ii) whether an online planning tool increases people’s confidence in their ability to self-isolate; and (iii) whether infographics help people to absorb advice on managing a household in which someone must self-isolate. Main Outcome Measures: (i) Accuracy of matching symptom patterns to a response scale for the need to self-isolate; (ii) self-reported confidence in coping with self-isolation; (iii) objective tests of recall and comprehension. Results: Decision trees improved decisions about when self-isolation was necessary, although participants systematically underestimated the need to self-isolate with less common COVID-19 symptoms (e.g. sore throat, fatigue). The online planning tool increased confidence about coping with self-isolation only among the adults aged under 40. Infographics improved recall and comprehension of how to manage self-isolation. Conclusion: Decision aids can be used to support self-isolation during COVID-19. The study also demonstrates how even an emergency public health response can benefit from rapid experimental pre-testing of interventions.

Lunn, P., Timmons, S., Julienne, H., Belton, C., Barjakova', M., Lavin, C., et al. (2021). Using decision aids to support self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic. PSYCHOLOGY & HEALTH, 36(2), 195-213 [10.1080/08870446.2020.1849701].

Using decision aids to support self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic

Barjaková, M;
2021

Abstract

Objective: Self-isolation is a vital element of efforts to contain COVID-19. We set out to test whether decision aids can support self-isolation. Design: We conducted a pre-registered online experiment with a nationally representative sample (n = 500). Three stages tested: (i) whether decision trees help people to decide whether they need to self-isolate; (ii) whether an online planning tool increases people’s confidence in their ability to self-isolate; and (iii) whether infographics help people to absorb advice on managing a household in which someone must self-isolate. Main Outcome Measures: (i) Accuracy of matching symptom patterns to a response scale for the need to self-isolate; (ii) self-reported confidence in coping with self-isolation; (iii) objective tests of recall and comprehension. Results: Decision trees improved decisions about when self-isolation was necessary, although participants systematically underestimated the need to self-isolate with less common COVID-19 symptoms (e.g. sore throat, fatigue). The online planning tool increased confidence about coping with self-isolation only among the adults aged under 40. Infographics improved recall and comprehension of how to manage self-isolation. Conclusion: Decision aids can be used to support self-isolation during COVID-19. The study also demonstrates how even an emergency public health response can benefit from rapid experimental pre-testing of interventions.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
COVID-19; decision aids; pre-testing; self-isolation;
English
195
213
19
Lunn, P., Timmons, S., Julienne, H., Belton, C., Barjakova', M., Lavin, C., et al. (2021). Using decision aids to support self-isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic. PSYCHOLOGY & HEALTH, 36(2), 195-213 [10.1080/08870446.2020.1849701].
Lunn, P; Timmons, S; Julienne, H; Belton, C; Barjakova', M; Lavin, C; Mcgowan, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/391833
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