Background: Coronavirus disease 2019-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (COVID-19 ARDS) seems to differ from the “classic ARDS”, showing initial significant hypoxemia in the face of relatively preserved compliance and evolving later in a scenario of poorly compliant lungs. We tested the hypothesis that in patients with COVID-19 ARDS, the initial value of static compliance of respiratory system (Crs) (1) depends on the previous duration of the disease (i.e., the fewer days of illness, the higher the Crs and vice versa) and (2) identifies different lung patterns of time evolution and response to prone positioning. Methods: This was a single-center prospective observational study. We enrolled consecutive mechanically ventilated patients with a diagnosis of COVID-19 who met ARDS criteria, admitted to intensive care unit (ICU). Patients were divided in four groups based on quartiles of initial Crs. Relationship between Crs and the previous duration of the disease was evaluated. Respiratory parameters collected once a day and during prone positioning were compared between groups. Results: We evaluated 110 mechanically ventilated patients with a diagnosis of COVID-19 who met ARDS criteria admitted to our ICUs. Patients were divided in groups based on quartiles of initial Crs. The median initial Crs was 41 (32–47) ml/cmH2O. No association was found between the previous duration of the disease and the initial Crs. The Crs did not change significantly over time within each quartile. Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and driving pressure were respectively lower and greater in patients with lower Crs. Prone positioning significantly improved PaO2/FiO2 in the 4 groups, however it increased the Crs significantly only in patients in lower quartile of Crs. Conclusions: In our cohort, the initial Crs is not dependent on the previous duration of COVID-19 disease. Prone positioning improves oxygenation irrespective to initial Crs, but it ameliorates respiratory mechanics only in patients with lower Crs.

Zacchetti, L., Longhi, L., Bianchi, I., Di Matteo, M., Russo, F., Gandini, L., et al. (2022). Characterization of compliance phenotypes in COVID-19 acute respiratory distress syndrome. BMC PULMONARY MEDICINE, 22(1 (December 2022)) [10.1186/s12890-022-02087-8].

Characterization of compliance phenotypes in COVID-19 acute respiratory distress syndrome

Bianchi I.;Gandini L.;Fagiuoli S.;Senni M.;Brambillasca P.;
2022

Abstract

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (COVID-19 ARDS) seems to differ from the “classic ARDS”, showing initial significant hypoxemia in the face of relatively preserved compliance and evolving later in a scenario of poorly compliant lungs. We tested the hypothesis that in patients with COVID-19 ARDS, the initial value of static compliance of respiratory system (Crs) (1) depends on the previous duration of the disease (i.e., the fewer days of illness, the higher the Crs and vice versa) and (2) identifies different lung patterns of time evolution and response to prone positioning. Methods: This was a single-center prospective observational study. We enrolled consecutive mechanically ventilated patients with a diagnosis of COVID-19 who met ARDS criteria, admitted to intensive care unit (ICU). Patients were divided in four groups based on quartiles of initial Crs. Relationship between Crs and the previous duration of the disease was evaluated. Respiratory parameters collected once a day and during prone positioning were compared between groups. Results: We evaluated 110 mechanically ventilated patients with a diagnosis of COVID-19 who met ARDS criteria admitted to our ICUs. Patients were divided in groups based on quartiles of initial Crs. The median initial Crs was 41 (32–47) ml/cmH2O. No association was found between the previous duration of the disease and the initial Crs. The Crs did not change significantly over time within each quartile. Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and driving pressure were respectively lower and greater in patients with lower Crs. Prone positioning significantly improved PaO2/FiO2 in the 4 groups, however it increased the Crs significantly only in patients in lower quartile of Crs. Conclusions: In our cohort, the initial Crs is not dependent on the previous duration of COVID-19 disease. Prone positioning improves oxygenation irrespective to initial Crs, but it ameliorates respiratory mechanics only in patients with lower Crs.
No
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Acute lung injury; Acute respiratory distress syndrome; Coronavirus; Lung compliance; Prone positioning; Sars coronavirus;
English
Zacchetti, L., Longhi, L., Bianchi, I., Di Matteo, M., Russo, F., Gandini, L., et al. (2022). Characterization of compliance phenotypes in COVID-19 acute respiratory distress syndrome. BMC PULMONARY MEDICINE, 22(1 (December 2022)) [10.1186/s12890-022-02087-8].
Zacchetti, L; Longhi, L; Bianchi, I; Di Matteo, M; Russo, F; Gandini, L; Manesso, L; Monti, M; Cosentini, R; Di Marco, F; Fagiuoli, S; Grazioli, L; Gritti, P; Previdi, F; Senni, M; Ranieri, M; Lorini, L; Rota, A; Martinelli, A; Pugni, P; Marino, A; Colombo, G; Damiani, M; Ferrari, D; Bonacina, D; Corbella, D; Poli, G; Cantu, D; Ferri, F; Brivio, M; Bonanomi, E; Fabretti, F; Benigni, A; Brambillasca, P; Scarpa, L; Marchesi, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/391804
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