Objective: According to some guidelines white-coat hypertension (WCH) carries little or no increase of cardiovascular (CV) risk in absence of organ damage (OD) but no data are available on this issue. Design and method: Using the population data from Pressioni Arteriose Monitorate E Loro Associazioni (PAMELA), we evaluated CV and total mortality over a median follow-up of 29 years in WCH (elevated office and normal 24-hour or home blood pressure, BP) and normotensive controls (N, normal in- and out-of-office BP) with no echocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy and no reduction of estimated glomerular filtration rate. Analysis was extended to sustained hypertension (SH, in- and out-of-office BP elevation) and to N, WCH and SH with cardiac and renal OD. Results: During the 29 years follow-up there were in the 1423 subjects nalysed 165 CV and 526 all cause deaths. OD was detected in 10.6%, 30.5% and 43.8% of N, WCH and SH, respectively. After adjustment for confounders no-ODWCH exhibited a risk of fatal CV events lower than that of no-ODSH but greater than that of no-ODN (HR 2.0, 95% CI: 1.1-3.6, P = 0.02), this being the case also for all cause mortality. Compared with no-ODN, no-ODWCH also exhibited a greater 10 year adjusted risk to develop new SH or OD. Similar findings were obtained in N, WCH and SH with OD. The present study provides the first evidence that WCH with no cardiac and renal OD is accompanied by an increased long-term risk of mortality, new hypertension and new OD, thereby not representing a clinically innocent condition. Conclusions: The present study provides the first evidence that WCH with no cardiac and renal OD is accompanied by an increased long-term risk of mortality, new hypertension and new OD, thereby not representing a clinically innocent condition.

Seravalle, G., Facchetti, R., Vanoli, J., Dell'Oro, R., Grassi, G., Mancia, G. (2022). WHITE-COAT HYPERTENSION WITHOUT ORGAN DAMAGE: IMPACT OF LONG-TERM MORTALITY, NEW HYPERTENSION AND NEW ORGAN DAMAGE. JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 40(S1) [10.1097/01.hjh.0000835352.04456.88].

WHITE-COAT HYPERTENSION WITHOUT ORGAN DAMAGE: IMPACT OF LONG-TERM MORTALITY, NEW HYPERTENSION AND NEW ORGAN DAMAGE

Seravalle, Gino;Facchetti, Rita;Vanoli, Jennifer;Dell'oro, Raffaella;Grassi, Guido;Mancia, Giuseppe
2022

Abstract

Objective: According to some guidelines white-coat hypertension (WCH) carries little or no increase of cardiovascular (CV) risk in absence of organ damage (OD) but no data are available on this issue. Design and method: Using the population data from Pressioni Arteriose Monitorate E Loro Associazioni (PAMELA), we evaluated CV and total mortality over a median follow-up of 29 years in WCH (elevated office and normal 24-hour or home blood pressure, BP) and normotensive controls (N, normal in- and out-of-office BP) with no echocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy and no reduction of estimated glomerular filtration rate. Analysis was extended to sustained hypertension (SH, in- and out-of-office BP elevation) and to N, WCH and SH with cardiac and renal OD. Results: During the 29 years follow-up there were in the 1423 subjects nalysed 165 CV and 526 all cause deaths. OD was detected in 10.6%, 30.5% and 43.8% of N, WCH and SH, respectively. After adjustment for confounders no-ODWCH exhibited a risk of fatal CV events lower than that of no-ODSH but greater than that of no-ODN (HR 2.0, 95% CI: 1.1-3.6, P = 0.02), this being the case also for all cause mortality. Compared with no-ODN, no-ODWCH also exhibited a greater 10 year adjusted risk to develop new SH or OD. Similar findings were obtained in N, WCH and SH with OD. The present study provides the first evidence that WCH with no cardiac and renal OD is accompanied by an increased long-term risk of mortality, new hypertension and new OD, thereby not representing a clinically innocent condition. Conclusions: The present study provides the first evidence that WCH with no cardiac and renal OD is accompanied by an increased long-term risk of mortality, new hypertension and new OD, thereby not representing a clinically innocent condition.
Abstract in rivista
white-coat hypertension, cardiovascular risk, organ damage, long-term risk of mortality
English
Seravalle, G., Facchetti, R., Vanoli, J., Dell'Oro, R., Grassi, G., Mancia, G. (2022). WHITE-COAT HYPERTENSION WITHOUT ORGAN DAMAGE: IMPACT OF LONG-TERM MORTALITY, NEW HYPERTENSION AND NEW ORGAN DAMAGE. JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION, 40(S1) [10.1097/01.hjh.0000835352.04456.88].
Seravalle, G; Facchetti, R; Vanoli, J; Dell'Oro, R; Grassi, G; Mancia, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/391278
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