We evaluate the cosmological coalescence and detection rates for massive black hole (MBH) binaries targeted by the gravitational wave observatory Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA). Our calculation starts with a population of gravitationally unbound MBH pairs, drawn from the TNG50-3 cosmological simulation, and follows their orbital evolution from kiloparsec scales all the way to coalescence using a semi-analytic model developed in our previous work. We find that for the majority of MBH pairs that coalesce within a Hubble time dynamical friction is the most important mechanism that determines their coalescence rate. Our model predicts an MBH coalescence rate ∼20.45 yr-1 and a LISA detection rate ∼20.34 yr-1. Most LISA detections should originate from 106 to 106.8 M MBHs in gas-rich galaxies at redshifts 1.6 ≤ z ≤ 2.4 and have a characteristic signal-to-noise ratio S/N ∼100. We however find a dramatic reduction in the coalescence and detection rates, as well as the average S/N, if the effects of radiative feedback from accreting MBHs are taken into account. In this case, the MBH coalescence rate is reduced by 78% (to ∼20.1 yr-1), and the LISA detection rate is reduced by 94% (to 0.02 yr-1), whereas the average S/N is ∼10. We emphasize that our model provides a conservative estimate of the LISA detection rates, due to the limited MBH mass range in TNG50-3, consistent with other works in the literature that draw their MBH pairs from cosmological simulations.

Li, K., Bogdanovi??, T., Ballantyne, D., Bonetti, M. (2022). Massive Black Hole Binaries from the TNG50-3 Simulation. I. Coalescence and LISA Detection Rates. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 933(1) [10.3847/1538-4357/ac74b5].

Massive Black Hole Binaries from the TNG50-3 Simulation. I. Coalescence and LISA Detection Rates

Matteo Bonetti
2022

Abstract

We evaluate the cosmological coalescence and detection rates for massive black hole (MBH) binaries targeted by the gravitational wave observatory Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA). Our calculation starts with a population of gravitationally unbound MBH pairs, drawn from the TNG50-3 cosmological simulation, and follows their orbital evolution from kiloparsec scales all the way to coalescence using a semi-analytic model developed in our previous work. We find that for the majority of MBH pairs that coalesce within a Hubble time dynamical friction is the most important mechanism that determines their coalescence rate. Our model predicts an MBH coalescence rate ∼20.45 yr-1 and a LISA detection rate ∼20.34 yr-1. Most LISA detections should originate from 106 to 106.8 M MBHs in gas-rich galaxies at redshifts 1.6 ≤ z ≤ 2.4 and have a characteristic signal-to-noise ratio S/N ∼100. We however find a dramatic reduction in the coalescence and detection rates, as well as the average S/N, if the effects of radiative feedback from accreting MBHs are taken into account. In this case, the MBH coalescence rate is reduced by 78% (to ∼20.1 yr-1), and the LISA detection rate is reduced by 94% (to 0.02 yr-1), whereas the average S/N is ∼10. We emphasize that our model provides a conservative estimate of the LISA detection rates, due to the limited MBH mass range in TNG50-3, consistent with other works in the literature that draw their MBH pairs from cosmological simulations.
Si
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
AGN host galaxies; Galaxy evolution; Quasars;
English
Li, K., Bogdanovi??, T., Ballantyne, D., Bonetti, M. (2022). Massive Black Hole Binaries from the TNG50-3 Simulation. I. Coalescence and LISA Detection Rates. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 933(1) [10.3847/1538-4357/ac74b5].
Li, K; Bogdanovi??, T; Ballantyne, D; Bonetti, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/391128
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