Background: SARS-CoV-2 infection entails neuroinvasive, neuroinflammatory, and treatment-related features accounting for cognitive deficits in COVID-19-recovered patients. Although screening for such dysfunctions in this population is considered clinically relevant, contributions to cognitive phenotyping including premorbid and disease-related confounders are scarcely represented. This study thus aimed at describing the cognitive outcome at the function-/domain-level of post-infectious SARS-CoV-2 patients being already at risk (RCD +) or not (RCD −) for cognitive decline. Methods: Fifty-four COVID-19-recovered individuals were classified as either RCD + or RCD − according to medical records. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Addebrooke Cognitive Examination-Revised (ACE-R), Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB), and Attentive Matrices (AM) were administered (N = 54, 34, 28, and 28 patients, respectively). Results: Prevalence of defective (cutoff = 24.89) MMSE scores was 24.3% in RCD + patients and 5.9% in the RCD − group. ACE-R-total below cutoff scores were less frequent (RCD + : 5.4%; RCD − : 5.9%). Abnormal performances at the FAB an AM were respectively detected in 18.9% and 8.1% of RCD + patients and 0% and 11.8% of the RCD − group. Within the ACE-R subtests, those assessing orientation, attention, and fluency were the most frequently impaired in both groups. Disease-related variables were mostly unassociated with cognitive measures. Discussion: Both RCD + and RCD − COVID-19-recovered individuals might show cognitive deficits within the dysexecutive-inattentive and amnesic spectrum. Non-instrumental, executive/attentive dysfunctions are predominant in this population and can be detected by both screening and domain-specific psychometric tests—although the latter might be more sensitive in RCD − patients.

Aiello, E., Radici, A., Mora, G., Pain, D. (2022). Cognitive phenotyping of post-infectious SARS-CoV-2 patients. NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES, 43(8), 4599-4604 [10.1007/s10072-022-06130-8].

Cognitive phenotyping of post-infectious SARS-CoV-2 patients

Aiello, EN
;
2022

Abstract

Background: SARS-CoV-2 infection entails neuroinvasive, neuroinflammatory, and treatment-related features accounting for cognitive deficits in COVID-19-recovered patients. Although screening for such dysfunctions in this population is considered clinically relevant, contributions to cognitive phenotyping including premorbid and disease-related confounders are scarcely represented. This study thus aimed at describing the cognitive outcome at the function-/domain-level of post-infectious SARS-CoV-2 patients being already at risk (RCD +) or not (RCD −) for cognitive decline. Methods: Fifty-four COVID-19-recovered individuals were classified as either RCD + or RCD − according to medical records. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Addebrooke Cognitive Examination-Revised (ACE-R), Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB), and Attentive Matrices (AM) were administered (N = 54, 34, 28, and 28 patients, respectively). Results: Prevalence of defective (cutoff = 24.89) MMSE scores was 24.3% in RCD + patients and 5.9% in the RCD − group. ACE-R-total below cutoff scores were less frequent (RCD + : 5.4%; RCD − : 5.9%). Abnormal performances at the FAB an AM were respectively detected in 18.9% and 8.1% of RCD + patients and 0% and 11.8% of the RCD − group. Within the ACE-R subtests, those assessing orientation, attention, and fluency were the most frequently impaired in both groups. Disease-related variables were mostly unassociated with cognitive measures. Discussion: Both RCD + and RCD − COVID-19-recovered individuals might show cognitive deficits within the dysexecutive-inattentive and amnesic spectrum. Non-instrumental, executive/attentive dysfunctions are predominant in this population and can be detected by both screening and domain-specific psychometric tests—although the latter might be more sensitive in RCD − patients.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Cognitive impairment: executive functioning; COVID-19; Neuropsychology; SARS-CoV-2;
English
4599
4604
6
Aiello, E., Radici, A., Mora, G., Pain, D. (2022). Cognitive phenotyping of post-infectious SARS-CoV-2 patients. NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES, 43(8), 4599-4604 [10.1007/s10072-022-06130-8].
Aiello, E; Radici, A; Mora, G; Pain, D
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/391110
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