Freezing of gait (FoG) is a paroxysmal and sporadic gait impairment that severely affects PD patients’ quality of life. This review summarizes current neuroimaging investigations that characterize the neural underpinnings of FoG in PD. The review presents and discusses the latest advances across multiple methodological domains that shed light on structural correlates, connectivity changes, and activation patterns associated with the different pathophysiological models of FoG in PD. Resting-state fMRI studies mainly report cortico-striatal decoupling and disruptions in connectivity along the dorsal stream of visuomotor processing, thus supporting the ‘interference’ and the ‘perceptual dysfunction’ models of FoG. Task-based MRI studies employing virtual reality and motor imagery paradigms reveal a disruption in functional connectivity between cortical and subcortical regions and an increased recruitment of parieto-occipital regions, thus corroborating the ‘interference’ and ‘perceptual dysfunction’ models of FoG. The main findings of fNIRS studies of actual gait primarily reveal increased recruitment of frontal areas during gait, supporting the ‘executive dysfunction’ model of FoG. Finally, we discuss how identifying the neural substrates of FoG may open new avenues to develop efficient treatment strategies.

Bardakan, M., Fink, G., Zapparoli, L., Bottini, G., Paulesu, E., Weiss, P. (2022). Imaging the neural underpinnings of freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease. NEUROIMAGE. CLINICAL, 35 [10.1016/j.nicl.2022.103123].

Imaging the neural underpinnings of freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease

Zapparoli, Laura
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Paulesu, Eraldo;
2022

Abstract

Freezing of gait (FoG) is a paroxysmal and sporadic gait impairment that severely affects PD patients’ quality of life. This review summarizes current neuroimaging investigations that characterize the neural underpinnings of FoG in PD. The review presents and discusses the latest advances across multiple methodological domains that shed light on structural correlates, connectivity changes, and activation patterns associated with the different pathophysiological models of FoG in PD. Resting-state fMRI studies mainly report cortico-striatal decoupling and disruptions in connectivity along the dorsal stream of visuomotor processing, thus supporting the ‘interference’ and the ‘perceptual dysfunction’ models of FoG. Task-based MRI studies employing virtual reality and motor imagery paradigms reveal a disruption in functional connectivity between cortical and subcortical regions and an increased recruitment of parieto-occipital regions, thus corroborating the ‘interference’ and ‘perceptual dysfunction’ models of FoG. The main findings of fNIRS studies of actual gait primarily reveal increased recruitment of frontal areas during gait, supporting the ‘executive dysfunction’ model of FoG. Finally, we discuss how identifying the neural substrates of FoG may open new avenues to develop efficient treatment strategies.
Si
Articolo in rivista - Review Essay
Scientifica
Gait impairment; Locomotor regions; Motor imagery; Neuroimaging; Virtual reality;
English
NLM Unique ID101597070
Bardakan, M., Fink, G., Zapparoli, L., Bottini, G., Paulesu, E., Weiss, P. (2022). Imaging the neural underpinnings of freezing of gait in Parkinson's disease. NEUROIMAGE. CLINICAL, 35 [10.1016/j.nicl.2022.103123].
Bardakan, M; Fink, G; Zapparoli, L; Bottini, G; Paulesu, E; Weiss, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/389709
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