Solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) has shown great potential for detecting changes in vegetation function under herbicide stress. However, how physiological (ΦF, canopy SIF emission efficiency) and non-physiological (e.g., structure and illumination) dynamics regulate canopy SIF, and the coupling between SIF and gross primary production (GPP) under herbicide stress remains unclear. Here, we conducted continuous eddy covariance flux and far-red SIF measurements during the early stage of maize in an herbicide-resistant maize field, where herbicide exclusively affects weeds. We investigated the performance of SIF, GPP, and vegetation indices (VIs) in capturing herbicide stress and then explored the sensitivity of SIF to the effects of herbicide treatments by disentangling canopy SIF into the physiological (ΦF) and non-physiological components (NIRvP). We found that SIF rapidly increased in response to the herbicide and that GPP decreased, and that both were more responsive than VIs in capturing the early effects of herbicides. Thus, the opposing responses in SIF and GPP disrupted their otherwise linear relationship during herbicide treatment. More importantly, we found that the increased ΦF dominated the variation of SIF during the early stages of herbicide stress, while the influence of NIRvP was prominent in the variability of SIF in the absence of herbicide. By unraveling its physiological and non-physiological contributions, our findings advance our understanding of how SIF responds to herbicide stress in heterogeneous cropland and will improve our interpretation of SIF as a tool for monitoring photosynthesis.

Wu, L., Zhang, X., Rossini, M., Wu, Y., Zhang, Z., Zhang, Y. (2022). Physiological dynamics dominate the response of canopy far-red solar-induced fluorescence to herbicide treatment. AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY, 323(15 August 2022) [10.1016/j.agrformet.2022.109063].

Physiological dynamics dominate the response of canopy far-red solar-induced fluorescence to herbicide treatment

Rossini M.;
2022

Abstract

Solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) has shown great potential for detecting changes in vegetation function under herbicide stress. However, how physiological (ΦF, canopy SIF emission efficiency) and non-physiological (e.g., structure and illumination) dynamics regulate canopy SIF, and the coupling between SIF and gross primary production (GPP) under herbicide stress remains unclear. Here, we conducted continuous eddy covariance flux and far-red SIF measurements during the early stage of maize in an herbicide-resistant maize field, where herbicide exclusively affects weeds. We investigated the performance of SIF, GPP, and vegetation indices (VIs) in capturing herbicide stress and then explored the sensitivity of SIF to the effects of herbicide treatments by disentangling canopy SIF into the physiological (ΦF) and non-physiological components (NIRvP). We found that SIF rapidly increased in response to the herbicide and that GPP decreased, and that both were more responsive than VIs in capturing the early effects of herbicides. Thus, the opposing responses in SIF and GPP disrupted their otherwise linear relationship during herbicide treatment. More importantly, we found that the increased ΦF dominated the variation of SIF during the early stages of herbicide stress, while the influence of NIRvP was prominent in the variability of SIF in the absence of herbicide. By unraveling its physiological and non-physiological contributions, our findings advance our understanding of how SIF responds to herbicide stress in heterogeneous cropland and will improve our interpretation of SIF as a tool for monitoring photosynthesis.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Canopy SIF emission efficiency (ΦF); Gross primary production (GPP); Herbicides; NIRvP; Photosynthesis; Solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF);
English
Wu, L., Zhang, X., Rossini, M., Wu, Y., Zhang, Z., Zhang, Y. (2022). Physiological dynamics dominate the response of canopy far-red solar-induced fluorescence to herbicide treatment. AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY, 323(15 August 2022) [10.1016/j.agrformet.2022.109063].
Wu, L; Zhang, X; Rossini, M; Wu, Y; Zhang, Z; Zhang, Y
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/388706
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