The Middle Jurassic limestones of the Vajont Formation, which constitute major parts of the flanks of the Vajont Canyon (Southern Alps, Italy), have been subjected to pervasive dolomitization. The dolomites are localized within fault damage zones. Based on field and petrographic characteristics, two dolostone groups can be differentiated. Group 1, being the most prevailing, corresponds to replacive matrix dolostones. They form non-stratabound plume-like geobodies. They also occur as infill in infrequent veins in the host limestones that occur adjacent to these replacive plume-like dolostone bodies. Group 2, that is less common, consists of saddle dolomite cements. It occurs in breccia and veins or makes up zebra dolostones. The latter cements frequently affect the replacive group 1 dolostones. Fluid inclusion analyses of both dolostone groups indicate comparable salinity values of 1.2–5.3 eq. wt.% NaCl with homogenization temperatures of 70–108 °C, which in addition of overlapping 87Sr/86Sr ratios (0.70811–0.70846) reflect similar parental fluids. The estimated salinities, in combination with δ18O values (−5.5 to −14.8‰ V-PDB), indicate significant contributions of 18O-depleted fluids postulated to be modified meteoric waters. This origin is supported by the low trace element contents measured in the studied dolostones. These data support that the fault-controlled dolostones in the studied Vajont area precipitated from hot hypo-to mesohaline fluids. These fluids could have circulated along inherited Mesozoic syn-rift fault and fracture corridors. However, another possibility is that fluids circulated along fault and fracture systems that developed during the Neo-Alpine Orogeny (Miocene). Both could have served as efficient deep-seated fluid migration conduits as well as relatively shallow ones facilitating the downward flow of topography-driven meteoric waters.

Mozafari, M., Swennen, R., Storti, F., Cortinovis, S., Lauriks, K., Balsamo, F., et al. (2022). Dolomitization of the Middle Jurassic limestones at the Vajont Canyon (Southern Alps, Italy): Fault-controlled dolomitization by hypo-to mesosaline fluids. MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY [10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2022.105837].

Dolomitization of the Middle Jurassic limestones at the Vajont Canyon (Southern Alps, Italy): Fault-controlled dolomitization by hypo-to mesosaline fluids

Bistacchi, Andrea;
2022

Abstract

The Middle Jurassic limestones of the Vajont Formation, which constitute major parts of the flanks of the Vajont Canyon (Southern Alps, Italy), have been subjected to pervasive dolomitization. The dolomites are localized within fault damage zones. Based on field and petrographic characteristics, two dolostone groups can be differentiated. Group 1, being the most prevailing, corresponds to replacive matrix dolostones. They form non-stratabound plume-like geobodies. They also occur as infill in infrequent veins in the host limestones that occur adjacent to these replacive plume-like dolostone bodies. Group 2, that is less common, consists of saddle dolomite cements. It occurs in breccia and veins or makes up zebra dolostones. The latter cements frequently affect the replacive group 1 dolostones. Fluid inclusion analyses of both dolostone groups indicate comparable salinity values of 1.2–5.3 eq. wt.% NaCl with homogenization temperatures of 70–108 °C, which in addition of overlapping 87Sr/86Sr ratios (0.70811–0.70846) reflect similar parental fluids. The estimated salinities, in combination with δ18O values (−5.5 to −14.8‰ V-PDB), indicate significant contributions of 18O-depleted fluids postulated to be modified meteoric waters. This origin is supported by the low trace element contents measured in the studied dolostones. These data support that the fault-controlled dolostones in the studied Vajont area precipitated from hot hypo-to mesohaline fluids. These fluids could have circulated along inherited Mesozoic syn-rift fault and fracture corridors. However, another possibility is that fluids circulated along fault and fracture systems that developed during the Neo-Alpine Orogeny (Miocene). Both could have served as efficient deep-seated fluid migration conduits as well as relatively shallow ones facilitating the downward flow of topography-driven meteoric waters.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Dolomitization; carbon and oxygen isotopes; Porosity;
English
Mozafari, M., Swennen, R., Storti, F., Cortinovis, S., Lauriks, K., Balsamo, F., et al. (2022). Dolomitization of the Middle Jurassic limestones at the Vajont Canyon (Southern Alps, Italy): Fault-controlled dolomitization by hypo-to mesosaline fluids. MARINE AND PETROLEUM GEOLOGY [10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2022.105837].
Mozafari, M; Swennen, R; Storti, F; Cortinovis, S; Lauriks, K; Balsamo, F; Bistacchi, A; El Desouky, H; Taberne, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/388497
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