Background and Aims Glycated albumin (GA) reflects short-term glycemic control, but few data are available on its association with hard clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between GA levels and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in people with and without a previous diagnosis of diabetes. Methods and Results Serum GA levels were measured in 12147 people from the general population (1319 with and 10828 without diabetes) that participated in the 1999-2004 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). We evaluated the association between GA and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality through December 2015 by linking NHANES data with data from the National Death Index. Associations were compared with those observed for hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). After a median follow-up of 13 years, 2785 participants (619 with and 2166 without diabetes) died, 651 of cardiovascular causes. Multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazard models showed that higher baseline GA levels were significantly associated with a higher incidence of both outcomes in participants with (all-cause: HR 1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.04; cardiovascular: HR 1.04, 95% CI 1.02-1.07) and without diabetes (all-cause: HR 1.05, 95% CI 1.03-1.08; cardiovascular: HR: 1.08, 95% CI 1.02-1.14); on the other hand, we found a trend for increased mortality with increasing HbA1c levels in patients with known diabetes, but not in participants without. Conclusions For a novel measure of hyperglycemia to be considered useful, its association with hard, long term clinical outcomes is of great importance. We showed that GA is associated with mortality in the general population independently of a previous diagnosis of diabetes.

Ciardullo, S., Rea, F., & Perseghin, G. (2022). Glycated albumin is associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among U.S. adults with and without diabetes: a retrospective cohort study. NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES [10.1016/j.numecd.2022.07.008].

Glycated albumin is associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among U.S. adults with and without diabetes: a retrospective cohort study

Ciardullo, Stefano
Primo
;
Rea, Federico;Perseghin, Gianluca
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Background and Aims Glycated albumin (GA) reflects short-term glycemic control, but few data are available on its association with hard clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between GA levels and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in people with and without a previous diagnosis of diabetes. Methods and Results Serum GA levels were measured in 12147 people from the general population (1319 with and 10828 without diabetes) that participated in the 1999-2004 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). We evaluated the association between GA and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality through December 2015 by linking NHANES data with data from the National Death Index. Associations were compared with those observed for hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). After a median follow-up of 13 years, 2785 participants (619 with and 2166 without diabetes) died, 651 of cardiovascular causes. Multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazard models showed that higher baseline GA levels were significantly associated with a higher incidence of both outcomes in participants with (all-cause: HR 1.03, 95% CI 1.01-1.04; cardiovascular: HR 1.04, 95% CI 1.02-1.07) and without diabetes (all-cause: HR 1.05, 95% CI 1.03-1.08; cardiovascular: HR: 1.08, 95% CI 1.02-1.14); on the other hand, we found a trend for increased mortality with increasing HbA1c levels in patients with known diabetes, but not in participants without. Conclusions For a novel measure of hyperglycemia to be considered useful, its association with hard, long term clinical outcomes is of great importance. We showed that GA is associated with mortality in the general population independently of a previous diagnosis of diabetes.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
diabetes; glycated albumin; survival; biomarker;
English
Ciardullo, S., Rea, F., & Perseghin, G. (2022). Glycated albumin is associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among U.S. adults with and without diabetes: a retrospective cohort study. NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES [10.1016/j.numecd.2022.07.008].
Ciardullo, S; Rea, F; Perseghin, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/388365
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