In this paper, we describe a 5500-year long core obtained from a lake in the Prealps of northern Italy to investigate the impact of human communities on the lacustrine environment. Specifically, we report micro-botanical proxies (upland and aquatic pollen, algae, cyanobacteria, dung spores, microcharcoal particles), sedimentary parameters (LOI steps, calcimetry, FTIR spectra) and nutrients (P forms, C/N and K) on paired samples in a high-resolution stratigraphy, dated by 14C AMS dating and tie point correlation. Independent archaeological evidence indicates the existence of lakeside settlements and farming in Bronze Age times from c. 4000 to 3300 cal yrs. BP. The impact of this Bronze Age village is recorded by an accumulation of plant detritus, pollen, charcoal and abundant wood and bone-derived ash. Intensive P mineralization by ash production was accompanied by the rapid burial of Pinorg, K, and microcharcoal. Correlated peaks of Porg and pasture plant pollen mark the contribution of animal husbandry to Porg lake sink. The nutrient flux produced by external catchment cropping contrasts with the internal flux discharged by prehistoric dwelling and in turn distinguishes domestic hearth production from a contribution by animal husbandry. Forest conditions and lake sedimentation returned to semi-natural baseline at the end of this 700-year long phase of Early to Middle Bronze Age settlement, but pollen proxies indicate that lake-side forests did not fully recover. Lake Lucone represents a key site, since it documents interactions between bronze Age settlements and related ecological impacts on both terrestrial environment and lacustrine sedimentation, as recorded in a continuous sequence, as well as the end of Bronze Age pile dwelling culture.

Furlanetto, G., Badino, F., Perego, R., El Khair, D., Baioni, M., Comolli, R., et al. (2022). The impact of Early to Middle Bronze Age settlements and farming on vegetation, ecology, nutrient flux and sedimentation at Lake Lucone, northern Italy. PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, 601(1 September 2022) [10.1016/j.palaeo.2022.111131].

The impact of Early to Middle Bronze Age settlements and farming on vegetation, ecology, nutrient flux and sedimentation at Lake Lucone, northern Italy

Furlanetto, Giulia
Primo
;
Badino, Federica;Comolli, Roberto;Saliu, Francesco;
2022

Abstract

In this paper, we describe a 5500-year long core obtained from a lake in the Prealps of northern Italy to investigate the impact of human communities on the lacustrine environment. Specifically, we report micro-botanical proxies (upland and aquatic pollen, algae, cyanobacteria, dung spores, microcharcoal particles), sedimentary parameters (LOI steps, calcimetry, FTIR spectra) and nutrients (P forms, C/N and K) on paired samples in a high-resolution stratigraphy, dated by 14C AMS dating and tie point correlation. Independent archaeological evidence indicates the existence of lakeside settlements and farming in Bronze Age times from c. 4000 to 3300 cal yrs. BP. The impact of this Bronze Age village is recorded by an accumulation of plant detritus, pollen, charcoal and abundant wood and bone-derived ash. Intensive P mineralization by ash production was accompanied by the rapid burial of Pinorg, K, and microcharcoal. Correlated peaks of Porg and pasture plant pollen mark the contribution of animal husbandry to Porg lake sink. The nutrient flux produced by external catchment cropping contrasts with the internal flux discharged by prehistoric dwelling and in turn distinguishes domestic hearth production from a contribution by animal husbandry. Forest conditions and lake sedimentation returned to semi-natural baseline at the end of this 700-year long phase of Early to Middle Bronze Age settlement, but pollen proxies indicate that lake-side forests did not fully recover. Lake Lucone represents a key site, since it documents interactions between bronze Age settlements and related ecological impacts on both terrestrial environment and lacustrine sedimentation, as recorded in a continuous sequence, as well as the end of Bronze Age pile dwelling culture.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Ecological dynamics; Forest resilience; Human impact; Nutrient sinks; Phosphorus forms; Pile dwelling;
English
Furlanetto, G., Badino, F., Perego, R., El Khair, D., Baioni, M., Comolli, R., et al. (2022). The impact of Early to Middle Bronze Age settlements and farming on vegetation, ecology, nutrient flux and sedimentation at Lake Lucone, northern Italy. PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, 601(1 September 2022) [10.1016/j.palaeo.2022.111131].
Furlanetto, G; Badino, F; Perego, R; El Khair, D; Baioni, M; Comolli, R; Saliu, F; Ravazzi, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/387682
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