The molecular and electronic structure of the Fe6S6 H-cluster of [FeFe] hydrogenase in relevant redox and protonation states have been investigated by DFT. The calculations have been carried out according to the broken symmetry approach and considering different environmental conditions. The large negative charge of the H-cluster leads, in a vacuum, to structures different from those observed experimentally in the protein. A better agreement with experimental data is observed for solvated complexes, suggesting that the protein environment could buffer the large negative charge of the H-cluster. The comparison of Fe6S6 and Fe2S2 DFT models shows that the presence of the Fe4S4 moiety does not affect appreciably the geometry of the [2Fe](H) cluster. In particular, the Fe4S4 cluster alone cannot be invoked to explain the stabilization of the mu-CO forms observed in the enzyme (relative to all-terminal CO species). As for protonation of the hydrogen cluster, it turned out that mu-H species are always more stable than terminal hydride isomers, leading to the conclusion that specific interactions of the H-cluster with the environment, not considered in our calculations, would be necessary to reverse the stability order of mu-H and terminal hydrides. Otherwise, protonation of the metal center and H-2 evolution in the enzyme are predicted to be kinetically controlled processes. Finally, subtle modifications in the H-cluster environment can change the relative stability of key frontier orbitals, triggering electron transfer between the Fe4S4 and the Fe2S2 moieties forming the H-cluster.
Bruschi, M., Greco, C., Fantucci, P., & De Gioia, L. (2008). Structural and electronic properties of the [FeFe] hydrogenase H-cluster in different redox and protonation states. A DFT investigation. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 47(13), 6056-6071.
|Citazione:||Bruschi, M., Greco, C., Fantucci, P., & De Gioia, L. (2008). Structural and electronic properties of the [FeFe] hydrogenase H-cluster in different redox and protonation states. A DFT investigation. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 47(13), 6056-6071.|
|Tipo:||Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico|
|Carattere della pubblicazione:||Scientifica|
|Titolo:||Structural and electronic properties of the [FeFe] hydrogenase H-cluster in different redox and protonation states. A DFT investigation|
|Autori:||Bruschi, M; Greco, C; Fantucci, P; De Gioia, L|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ic8006298|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|