BACKGROUND: Maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) is the emotional bond between a mother and her fetus and is influenced by numerous risk and protective factors during pregnancy. However, according to the literature, the results relating to the influence of these factors are mixed. METHOD: The aim of the study is to identify the relationship between MFA and maternal distress, evaluated as maternal depression and anxiety, alexithymia, and perceived social support during the prenatal period in an Italian community sample. Ninety-four pregnant women completed self-report questionnaires. RESULTS: Results showed that total MFA was negatively associated with maternal anxiety and alexithymia and was positively associated with social support. Moreover, maternal depression was negatively associated with the quality subscale of MFA The quality subscale of MFA was negatively associated with maternal state and trait anxiety and alexithymia and was positively associated with social support. The intensity subscale of MFA was positively associated with social support. Multiple regression showed that alexithymia and social support predicted MFA with a higher effect than maternal depression and anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: The results are useful for planning interventions aimed at supporting the mother-infant bond starting from pregnancy.

Ierardi, E., Bottini, M., Facchinetti, M., Riva Crugnola, C. (2022). Maternal Anxiety, Depression, Alexithymia, and Social Support: Association With Maternal-Fetal Attachment in Pregnancy. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHILDBIRTH, 12(2), 67-75 [10.1891/IJC-2021-0047].

Maternal Anxiety, Depression, Alexithymia, and Social Support: Association With Maternal-Fetal Attachment in Pregnancy

Ierardi E.
;
Bottini M.;Riva Crugnola C.
2022

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) is the emotional bond between a mother and her fetus and is influenced by numerous risk and protective factors during pregnancy. However, according to the literature, the results relating to the influence of these factors are mixed. METHOD: The aim of the study is to identify the relationship between MFA and maternal distress, evaluated as maternal depression and anxiety, alexithymia, and perceived social support during the prenatal period in an Italian community sample. Ninety-four pregnant women completed self-report questionnaires. RESULTS: Results showed that total MFA was negatively associated with maternal anxiety and alexithymia and was positively associated with social support. Moreover, maternal depression was negatively associated with the quality subscale of MFA The quality subscale of MFA was negatively associated with maternal state and trait anxiety and alexithymia and was positively associated with social support. The intensity subscale of MFA was positively associated with social support. Multiple regression showed that alexithymia and social support predicted MFA with a higher effect than maternal depression and anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: The results are useful for planning interventions aimed at supporting the mother-infant bond starting from pregnancy.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
maternal alexithymia; maternal anxiety; maternal depression; maternal-fetal attachment; social support;
English
67
75
9
Ierardi, E., Bottini, M., Facchinetti, M., Riva Crugnola, C. (2022). Maternal Anxiety, Depression, Alexithymia, and Social Support: Association With Maternal-Fetal Attachment in Pregnancy. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CHILDBIRTH, 12(2), 67-75 [10.1891/IJC-2021-0047].
Ierardi, E; Bottini, M; Facchinetti, M; Riva Crugnola, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10281/385789
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