Background: Derangement of body composition has been associated with dismal long-term survival in several gastrointestinal cancers including rectal tumors treated with neoadjuvant therapies. The role of specific preoperative anthropometric indexes on the oncologic outcomes of patients undergoing upfront surgery for rectal cancer has not been investigated. The aim of the study is to evaluate the association of body composition and overall survival in this specific cohort. Methods: Lumbar computed tomography images, obtained within the 30 days previous to surgery, between January 2009 and December 2016, were used to calculate population-specific thresholds of muscle mass (sarcopenia), subcutaneous and visceral adiposity, visceral obesity, sarcopenic obesity, and myosteatosis. These body composition variables were related with overall survival (OS), tumor-specific survival (TSS), and disease-free survival (DFS). OS, TSS, and DFS were evaluated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of mortality, tumor-specific mortality, and recurrence, and data were presented as hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: During the study period, 411 patients underwent rectal resection for cancer, and among these, 129 were without neoadjuvant chemoradiation. The median follow-up was 96.7 months. At the end of the follow-up, 41 patients (31.8%) had died; of these, 26 (20.1%) died for tumor-related reasons, and 36 (27.1%) experienced disease recurrence. One-, three-, and five-year OS was 95.7%, 86.0%, and 76.8% for non-sarcopenic patients versus 82.4%, 58.8%, and 40.0% for sarcopenic ones respectively (p < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier survival curves comparing sarcopenic and non-sarcopenic patients showed a significant difference in terms of OS (log-rank < 0.0001). Through multivariate Cox regression, overall mortality risk was associated only with sarcopenia (HR 1.96; 95%CI 1.03–3.74; p = 0.041). Disease stage IV and III (HR 13.75; 95% CI 2.89–65.6; p < 0.001 and HR 4.72; 95% CI 1.06–21.1; p = 0.043, respectively) and sarcopenia (HR 2.62; 95% CI 1.22–5.6; p = 0.013) were independently associated with TSS. The other body composition indexes investigated showed no significant association with prognosis. Conclusions: These results support the inclusion of body composition assessment for prognostic stratification of rectal cancer patients undergoing upfront resection.

Giani, A., Famularo, S., Fogliati, A., Riva, L., Tamini, N., Ippolito, D., et al. (2022). Skeletal muscle wasting and long-term prognosis in patients undergoing rectal cancer surgery without neoadjuvant therapy. WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, 20(1 (December 2022)) [10.1186/s12957-021-02460-7].

Skeletal muscle wasting and long-term prognosis in patients undergoing rectal cancer surgery without neoadjuvant therapy

Giani A.;Famularo S.;Fogliati A.;Tamini N.;Ippolito D.;Nespoli L.;Braga M.;Gianotti L.
2022

Abstract

Background: Derangement of body composition has been associated with dismal long-term survival in several gastrointestinal cancers including rectal tumors treated with neoadjuvant therapies. The role of specific preoperative anthropometric indexes on the oncologic outcomes of patients undergoing upfront surgery for rectal cancer has not been investigated. The aim of the study is to evaluate the association of body composition and overall survival in this specific cohort. Methods: Lumbar computed tomography images, obtained within the 30 days previous to surgery, between January 2009 and December 2016, were used to calculate population-specific thresholds of muscle mass (sarcopenia), subcutaneous and visceral adiposity, visceral obesity, sarcopenic obesity, and myosteatosis. These body composition variables were related with overall survival (OS), tumor-specific survival (TSS), and disease-free survival (DFS). OS, TSS, and DFS were evaluated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of mortality, tumor-specific mortality, and recurrence, and data were presented as hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Results: During the study period, 411 patients underwent rectal resection for cancer, and among these, 129 were without neoadjuvant chemoradiation. The median follow-up was 96.7 months. At the end of the follow-up, 41 patients (31.8%) had died; of these, 26 (20.1%) died for tumor-related reasons, and 36 (27.1%) experienced disease recurrence. One-, three-, and five-year OS was 95.7%, 86.0%, and 76.8% for non-sarcopenic patients versus 82.4%, 58.8%, and 40.0% for sarcopenic ones respectively (p < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier survival curves comparing sarcopenic and non-sarcopenic patients showed a significant difference in terms of OS (log-rank < 0.0001). Through multivariate Cox regression, overall mortality risk was associated only with sarcopenia (HR 1.96; 95%CI 1.03–3.74; p = 0.041). Disease stage IV and III (HR 13.75; 95% CI 2.89–65.6; p < 0.001 and HR 4.72; 95% CI 1.06–21.1; p = 0.043, respectively) and sarcopenia (HR 2.62; 95% CI 1.22–5.6; p = 0.013) were independently associated with TSS. The other body composition indexes investigated showed no significant association with prognosis. Conclusions: These results support the inclusion of body composition assessment for prognostic stratification of rectal cancer patients undergoing upfront resection.
Articolo in rivista - Articolo scientifico
Scientifica
Body composition; Long-term survival; Rectal cancer; Sarcopenia; Surgery;
English
Giani, A., Famularo, S., Fogliati, A., Riva, L., Tamini, N., Ippolito, D., et al. (2022). Skeletal muscle wasting and long-term prognosis in patients undergoing rectal cancer surgery without neoadjuvant therapy. WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY, 20(1 (December 2022)) [10.1186/s12957-021-02460-7].
Giani, A; Famularo, S; Fogliati, A; Riva, L; Tamini, N; Ippolito, D; Nespoli, L; Braga, M; Gianotti, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10281/384560
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